Mortality reduction following the air pollution control measures during the 2010 Asian Games

Lin, Hualiang, Zhang, Yonghui, Liu, Tao, Xao, Jianpeng, Xu, Yanjun, Xu, Xiaojun, Qian, Zhenmin, Tong, Shilu, Luo, Yuan, Zeng, Weilin, & Ma, Wenjun (2014) Mortality reduction following the air pollution control measures during the 2010 Asian Games. Atmospheric Environment, 91, pp. 24-31.

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Abstract

Though increased particulate air pollution has been consistently associated with elevated mortality, evidence regarding whether diminished particulate air pollution would lead to mortality reduction is limited. Citywide air pollution mitigation program during the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China, provided such an opportunity. Daily mortality from non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases was compared for 51 intervention days (November 1–December 21) in 2010 with the same calendar date of baseline years (2006–2009 and 2011). Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were estimated using a time series Poisson model, adjusting for day of week, public holidays, daily mean temperature and relative humidity. Daily PM10 (particle with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm) decreased from 88.64 μg/m3 during the baseline period to 80.61 μg/m3 during the Asian Games period. Other measured air pollutants and weather variables did not differ substantially. Daily mortality from non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases decreased from 32, 11 and 6 during the baseline period to 25, 8 and 5 during the Games period, the corresponding RR for the Games period compared with the baseline period was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.73–0.86), 0.77 (95% CI: 0.66–0.89) and 0.68 (95% CI: 0.57–0.80), respectively. No significant decreases were observed in other months of 2010 in Guangzhou and intervention period in two control cities. This finding supports the efforts to reduce air pollution and improve public health through transportation restriction and industrial emission control.

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7 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 88728
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.03.051
ISSN: 1352-2310
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 30 Oct 2015 00:38
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 00:38

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