Underlying scaling relationships between solar activity and geomagnetic activity revealed by multifractal analyses

Yu, Zu-Guo, Anh, Vo, & Eastes, Richard (2014) Underlying scaling relationships between solar activity and geomagnetic activity revealed by multifractal analyses. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119(9), pp. 7577-7586.

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Abstract

his paper identifies some scaling relationships between solar activity and geomagnetic activity. We examine the scaling properties of hourly data for two geomagnetic indices (ap and AE), two solar indices (solar X-rays Xl and solar flux F10.7), and two inner heliospheric indices (ion density Ni and flow speed Vs) over the period 1995–2001 by the universal multifractal approach and the traditional multifractal analysis. We found that the universal multifractal model (UMM) provides a good fit to the empirical K(q) and τ(q) curves of these time series. The estimated values of the Lévy index α in the UMM indicate that multifractality exists in the time series for ap, AE, Xl, and Ni, while those for F10.7 and Vs are monofractal. The estimated values of the nonconservation parameter H of this model confirm that these time series are conservative which indicate that the mean value of the process is constant for varying resolution. Additionally, the multifractal K(q) and τ(q) curves, and the estimated values of the sparseness parameter C1 of the UMM indicate that there are three pairs of indices displaying similar scaling properties, namely ap and Xl, AE and Ni, and F10.7 and Vs. The similarity in the scaling properties of pairs (ap,Xl) and (AE,Ni) suggests that ap and Xl, AE and Ni are better correlated—in terms of scaling—than previous thought, respectively. But our results still cannot be used to advance forecasting of ap and AE by Xl and Ni, respectively, due to some reasons

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ID Code: 88749
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019893
ISSN: 2169-9380
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Mathematical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: © 2014 American Geophysical Union
Deposited On: 30 Oct 2015 02:07
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 02:07

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