The dependence of computed tomography number to relative electron density conversion on phantom geometry and its impact on planned dose

Inness, Emma, Moutrie, Vaughan, & Charles, Paul H. (2014) The dependence of computed tomography number to relative electron density conversion on phantom geometry and its impact on planned dose. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, 37(2), pp. 385-391.

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A computed tomography number to relative electron density (CT-RED) calibration is performed when commissioning a radiotherapy CT scanner by imaging a calibration phantom with inserts of specified RED and recording the CT number displayed. In this work, CT-RED calibrations were generated using several commercially available phantoms to observe the effect of phantom geometry on conversion to electron density and, ultimately, the dose calculation in a treatment planning system. Using an anthropomorphic phantom as a gold standard, the CT number of a material was found to depend strongly on the amount and type of scattering material surrounding the volume of interest, with the largest variation observed for the highest density material tested, cortical bone. Cortical bone gave a maximum CT number difference of 1,110 when a cylindrical insert of diameter 28 mm scanned free in air was compared to that in the form of a 30 × 30 cm2 slab. The effect of using each CT-RED calibration on planned dose to a patient was quantified using a commercially available treatment planning system. When all calibrations were compared to the anthropomorphic calibration, the largest percentage dose difference was 4.2 % which occurred when the CT-RED calibration curve was acquired with heterogeneity inserts removed from the phantom and scanned free in air. The maximum dose difference observed between two dedicated CT-RED phantoms was ±2.1 %. A phantom that is to be used for CT-RED calibrations must have sufficient water equivalent scattering material surrounding the heterogeneous objects that are to be used for calibration.

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ID Code: 88800
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Relative electron density; Computed tomography; Geometry; Treatment planning; Radiotherapy
DOI: 10.1007/s13246-014-0272-y
ISSN: 0158-9938
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 21 Oct 2015 04:37
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2015 04:37

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