The prevalence, predictors and associations of hypertension in Sri Lanka: A cross-sectional population based national survey
Katulanda, Prasad, Ranasinghe, Priyanga, Jayawardena, Ranil, Constantine, Godwin, Sheriff, Rezvi, & Matthews, David (2014) The prevalence, predictors and associations of hypertension in Sri Lanka: A cross-sectional population based national survey. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, 36(7), pp. 484-491.
We studied the community prevalence, patterns and predictors of hypertension in a large sub-population of South Asian adults with a view of identifying differential risk factors. Data were collected between years 2005-2006 and 5000 adults were invited for the study. The sample size was 4485, and about 39.5% were males. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 127.1 ± 19.8 mmHg and 75.4 ± 11.3 mmHg, respectively. Age-adjusted prevalence in all adults, males and females was 23.7%, 23.4% and 23.8%, respectively. Urban adults had a significantly higher prevalence of hypertension than rural adults. In the binary logistic-regression analysis, male gender (OR: 1.2), increasing age, Sri Lankan Moor ethnicity (OR: 1.6), physical inactivity (OR: 1.7), presence of diabetes (OR: 2.2) and central obesity (OR: 2.3) all were significantly associated with hypertension. In conclusion, nearly one-third of the Sri Lankan adult population is hypertensive. Hence, public health initiatives should encourage healthier lifestyles with emphasis on preventing obesity and increasing physical activity.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Adults, blood pressure, hypertension, prevalence, Sri Lanka|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Deposited On:||22 Oct 2015 04:22|
|Last Modified:||22 Oct 2015 04:22|
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