The prevalence, predictors and associations of hypertension in Sri Lanka: A cross-sectional population based national survey

Katulanda, Prasad, Ranasinghe, Priyanga, Jayawardena, Ranil, Constantine, Godwin, Sheriff, Rezvi, & Matthews, David (2014) The prevalence, predictors and associations of hypertension in Sri Lanka: A cross-sectional population based national survey. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, 36(7), pp. 484-491.

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We studied the community prevalence, patterns and predictors of hypertension in a large sub-population of South Asian adults with a view of identifying differential risk factors. Data were collected between years 2005-2006 and 5000 adults were invited for the study. The sample size was 4485, and about 39.5% were males. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 127.1 ± 19.8 mmHg and 75.4 ± 11.3 mmHg, respectively. Age-adjusted prevalence in all adults, males and females was 23.7%, 23.4% and 23.8%, respectively. Urban adults had a significantly higher prevalence of hypertension than rural adults. In the binary logistic-regression analysis, male gender (OR: 1.2), increasing age, Sri Lankan Moor ethnicity (OR: 1.6), physical inactivity (OR: 1.7), presence of diabetes (OR: 2.2) and central obesity (OR: 2.3) all were significantly associated with hypertension. In conclusion, nearly one-third of the Sri Lankan adult population is hypertensive. Hence, public health initiatives should encourage healthier lifestyles with emphasis on preventing obesity and increasing physical activity.

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11 citations in Scopus
9 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 88838
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adults, blood pressure, hypertension, prevalence, Sri Lanka
DOI: 10.3109/10641963.2013.863321
ISSN: 1064-1963
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 22 Oct 2015 04:22
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2017 22:02

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