Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life: A randomized controlled trial

Hawkes, Anna L., Pakenham, Kenneth, Chambers, Suzanne K., Patrao, Tania A., & Courneya, Kerry S. (2014) Effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life: A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 48(3), pp. 359-370.

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Abstract

Background

Multiple health behavior change can ameliorate adverse effects of cancer.

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multiple health behavior change intervention (CanChange) for colorectal cancer survivors on psychosocial outcomes and quality of life.

Methods

A total of 410 colorectal cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month telephone-based health coaching intervention (11 sessions using acceptance and commitment therapy strategies focusing on physical activity, weight management, diet, alcohol, and smoking) or usual care. Posttraumatic growth, spirituality, acceptance, mindfulness, distress, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months.

Results

Significant intervention effects were observed for posttraumatic growth at 6 (7.5, p < 0.001) and 12 months (4.1, p = 0.033), spirituality at 6 months (1.8, p = 0.011), acceptance at 6 months (0.2, p = 0.005), and quality of life at 6 (0.8, p = 0.049) and 12 months (0.9, p = 0.037).

Conclusions

The intervention improved psychosocial outcomes and quality of life (physical well-being) at 6 months with most effects still present at 12 months. (Trial Registration Number: ACTRN12608000399392).

Impact and interest:

14 citations in Scopus
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10 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 88860
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Colorectal cancer survivor – Multiple health behavior change intervention – Telephone-delivered – Psychosocial – Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
DOI: 10.1007/s12160-014-9610-2
ISSN: 0883-6612
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 12 Oct 2015 03:44
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2015 03:44

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