Fate and transport of bensulfuron-methyl and imazosulfuron in paddy fields: Experiments and model simulation
Takagi, Kazuhiro, Fajardo, Ferdinand F., Ishizaka, Masumi, Phong, Thai Khanh, Watanabe, Hirozumi, & Boulange, Julien (2012) Fate and transport of bensulfuron-methyl and imazosulfuron in paddy fields: Experiments and model simulation. Paddy and Water Environment, 10(2), pp. 139-151.
Experiments were conducted to determine the fate of bensulfuron-methyl (BSM) and imazosulfuron (IMS) under paddy conditions. Initially, laboratory experiments were conducted and the photolysis half-lives of the two herbicides were found to be much shorter than their hydrolysis half-lives in aqueous solutions. In the aerobic water–soil system, dissipation followed first-order kinetics with water half-lives of 9.1 and 11.0 days and soil half-lives of 12.4 and 18.5 days (first phase) and 35.0 and 44.1 days (second phase) for bensulfuron-methyl and imazosulfuron, respectively. However, the anaerobic soil half-lives were only 12.7 and 9.8 days for BSM and IMS, respectively. The values of K d were determined to be 16.0 and 13.8 for BSM and IMS, respectively. Subsequent field measurements for the two herbicides revealed that dissipation of both herbicides in paddy water involved biphasic first-order kinetics, with the dissipation rates in the first phase being much faster than those in the second phase. The dissipation of bensulfuron-methyl and imazosulfuron in the paddy surface soil were also followed biphasic first-order kinetics. These results were then used as input parameters for the PCPF-1 model to simulate the fate and transport of BSM and IMS in the paddy environment (water and 1-cm surface soil layer). The measured and simulated values agreed well and the mass balance error during the simulation period was −1.2 and 2.8% of applied pesticide, respectively, for BSM and IMS.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Dissipation, Sulfonylureas, Photolysis, Biphasic first-order kinetic, Model simulation|
|Divisions:||Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Deposited On:||14 Oct 2015 04:29|
|Last Modified:||23 Oct 2015 03:32|
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