Ability of commonly used prediction equations to predict resting energy expenditure in children with inflammatory bowel disease

Hill, R. J., Lewindon, P. J., Withers, G. D., Connor, F. L., Ee, L. C., Cleghorn, Geoffrey J., & Davies, P. S. W. (2011) Ability of commonly used prediction equations to predict resting energy expenditure in children with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 17(7), pp. 1587-1593.

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Abstract

Background: Paediatric onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may cause alterations in energy requirements and invalidate the use of standard prediction equations. Our aim was to evaluate four commonly used prediction equations for resting energy expenditure (REE) in children with IBD. Methods: Sixty-three children had repeated measurements of REE as part of a longitudinal research study yielding a total of 243 measurements. These were compared with predicted REE from Schofield, Oxford, FAO/WHO/UNU, and Harris-Benedict equations using the Bland-Altman method. Results: Mean (±SD) age of the patients was 14.2 (2.4) years. Mean measured REE was 1566 (336) kcal per day compared with 1491 (236), 1441 (255), 1481 (232), and 1435 (212) kcal per day calculated from Schofield, Oxford, FAO/WHO/UNU, and Harris-Benedict, respectively. While the Schofield equation demonstrated the least difference between measured and predicted REE, it, along with the other equations tested, did not perform uniformly across all subjects, indicating greater errors at either end of the spectrum of energy expenditure. Smaller differences were found for all prediction equations for Crohn's disease compared with ulcerative colitis. Conclusions: Of the commonly used equations, the equation of Schofield should be used in pediatric patients with IBD when measured values are not able to be obtained. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2010;) Copyright © 2010 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.

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ID Code: 89185
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :9
Export Date: 1 September 2015
CODEN: IBDNB
Correspondence Address: Hill, R. J.; University of Queensland, Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Royal Children's Hospital, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia; email: rj.hill@uq.edu.au
Keywords: Crohn's disease, resting energy expenditure, ulcerative colitis, adolescent, article, calculation, child, colitis, Crohn disease, energy expenditure, enteritis, human, longitudinal study, major clinical study, measurement, priority journal, Basal Metabolism, Calorimetry, Indirect, Colitis, Ulcerative, Energy Intake, Energy Metabolism, Female, Humans, Male, Mathematics, Nutrition Assessment, Predictive Value of Tests
DOI: 10.1002/ibd.21518
ISSN: 1078-0998
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 20 Oct 2015 00:31
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2015 02:47

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