The correlation between reading and mathematics ability at age twelve has a substantial genetic component

Davis, Oliver S. P., Band, Gavin, Pirinen, Matti, Haworth, Claire M. A., Meaburn, Emma L., Kovas, Yulia, Harlaar, Nicole, Docherty, Sophia J., Hanscombe, Ken B., Trzaskowski, Maciej, Curtis, Charles J. C., Strange, Amy, Freeman, Colin, Bellenguez, Céline, Su, Zhan, Pearson, Richard, Vukcevic, Damjan, Langford, Cordelia, Deloukas, Panos, Hunt, Sarah, Gray, Emma, Dronov, Serge, Potter, Simon C., Tashakkori-Ghanbaria, Avazeh, Edkins, Sarah, Bumpstead, Suzannah J., Blackwell, Jenefer M., Bramon, Elvira, Brown, Matthew A., Casas, Juan P., Corvin, Aiden, Duncanson, Audrey, Jankowski, Janusz A. Z., Markus, Hugh S., Mathew, Christopher G., Palmer, Colin N. A., Rautanen, Anna, Sawcer, Stephen J., Trembath, Richard C., Viswanathan, Ananth C., Wood, Nicholas W., Barroso, Ines, Peltonen, Leena, Dale, Philip S., Petrill, Stephen A., Schalkwyk, Leonard S., Craig, Ian W., Lewis, Cathryn M., Price, Thomas S., Donnelly, Peter, Plomin, Robert, & Spencer, Chris C. A. (2014) The correlation between reading and mathematics ability at age twelve has a substantial genetic component. Nature Communications, 5(4204).

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Abstract

Dissecting how genetic and environmental influences impact on learning is helpful for maximizing numeracy and literacy. Here we show, using twin and genome-wide analysis, that there is a substantial genetic component to children’s ability in reading and mathematics, and estimate that around one half of the observed correlation in these traits is due to shared genetic effects (so-called Generalist Genes). Thus, our results highlight the potential role of the learning environment in contributing to differences in a child’s cognitive abilities at age twelve.

Impact and interest:

14 citations in Scopus
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11 citations in Web of Science®

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16 since deposited on 16 Oct 2015
6 in the past twelve months

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ID Code: 89226
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5204
ISSN: 2041-1723
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited
Deposited On: 16 Oct 2015 00:58
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2016 05:20

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