Physical activity cost in children following an acquired brain injury : a comparative study

Littlewood, R. A., Davies, P. S. W., Cleghorn, Geoffrey J., & Grote, R. H. (2004) Physical activity cost in children following an acquired brain injury : a comparative study. Clinical Nutrition, 23(1), pp. 99-104.

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Background: Alterations in energy expenditure during activity post head injury has not been investigated due primarily to the difficulty of measurement. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare energy expenditure during activity and body composition of children following acquired brain injury (ABI) with data from a group of normal controls. Design: Energy expenditure was measured using the Cosmed K4b2 in a group of 15 children with ABI and a group of 67 normal children during rest and when walking and running. Mean number of steps taken per 3 min run was also recorded and body composition was measured. Results: The energy expended during walking was not significantly different between both groups. A significant difference was found between the two groups in the energy expended during running and also for the number of steps taken as children with ABI took significantly less steps than the normal controls during a 3 min run. Conclusions: Children with ABI exert more energy per activity than healthy controls when controlled for velocity or distance. However, they expend less energy to walk and run when they are free to choose their own desirable, comfortable pace than normal controls. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 89446
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :8
Export Date: 1 September 2015
Correspondence Address: Littlewood, R.A.; Queensland Paediatric Rehab. Service, Royal Children's Hospital, Coles Building, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia; email:
Keywords: Children, Cosmed, Energy requirements, Physical activity, REE, adolescent, anthropometry, article, body composition, brain injury, child, childhood injury, clinical article, comparative study, controlled study, data analysis, energy expenditure, female, human, male, medical instrumentation, recording, rest, running, velocity, walking, Brain Injuries, Case-Control Studies, Electric Impedance, Energy Metabolism, Exercise Test, Humans, Oxygen Consumption
DOI: 10.1016/S0261-5614(03)00100-6
ISSN: 0261-5614
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 26 Oct 2015 00:46
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2015 00:46

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