Centile reference charts for total energy expenditure in infants from 1 to 12 months

Reichman, C. A., Davies, P. S. W., Wells, J. C. K., Atkin, L. M., Cleghorn, Geoffrey J., & Shepherd, R. W. (2003) Centile reference charts for total energy expenditure in infants from 1 to 12 months. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(9), pp. 1060-1067.

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Background: A knowledge of energy expenditure in infancy is required for the estimation of recommended daily amounts of food energy, for designing artificial infant feeds, and as a reference standard for studies of energy metabolism in disease states. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to construct centile reference charts for total energy expenditure (TEE) in infants across the first year of life. Methods: Repeated measures of TEE using the doubly labeled water technique were made in 162 infants at 1.5, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. In total, 322 TEE measurements were obtained. The LMS method with maximum penalized likelihood was used to construct the centile reference charts. Centiles were constructed for TEE expressed as MJ/day and also expressed relative to body weight (BW) and fat-free mass (FFM). Results: TEE increased with age and was 1.40,1.86, 2.64, 3.07 and 3.65 MJ/day at 1.5, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, respectively. The standard deviations were 0.43, 0.47, 0.52,0.66 and 0.88, respectively. TEE in MJ/kg increased from 0.29 to 0.36 and in MJ/day/kg FFM from 0.36 to 0.48. Conclusions: We have presented centile reference charts for TEE expressed as MJ/day and expressed relative to BW and FFM in infants across the first year of life. There was a wide variation or biological scatter in TEE values seen at all ages. We suggest that these centile charts may be used to assess and possibly quantify abnormal energy metabolism in disease states in infants.

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ID Code: 89502
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :3
Export Date: 1 September 2015
Correspondence Address: Davies, P.S.W.; Dept. of Pediatrics and Child Health, Children's Nutrition Research Centre, University of Queensland, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia; email: ps.davies@mailbox.uq.edu.au
Keywords: Body weight, Centile reference charts, Doubly labeled water, Fat-free mass, Infants, Total energy expenditure, water, aging, article, body fat, body mass, controlled study, energy expenditure, energy metabolism, female, human, infant, infant disease, infant nutrition, male, maximum likelihood method, measurement, methodology, quantitative analysis, reference value, standard, Administration, Oral, Age Distribution, Anthropometry, Australia, Body Composition, Cohort Studies, Deuterium Oxide, Great Britain, Humans, Likelihood Functions, Oxygen Isotopes, Reference Values
DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601642
ISSN: 0954-3007
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 04 Nov 2015 01:44
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2015 01:44

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