Predicting the performance of LSF walls made of hollow flange channel sections in fire
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Fire resistance of load bearing Light Gauge Steel Frame (LSF) wall systems is important to protect lives and properties in fire accidents. Recent fire tests of LSF walls made of the new cold-formed and welded hollow flange channel (HFC) section studs and the commonly used lipped channel section (LCS) studs have shown the influence of stud sections on the fire resistance rating (FRR) of LSF walls. To advance the use of HFC section studs and to verify the outcomes from the fire tests, finite element models were developed to predict the structural fire performance of LSF walls made of welded HFC section studs. The developed models incorporated the measured non-uniform temperature distributions in LSF wall studs due to the exposure of standard fire on one side, and accurate elevated temperature mechanical properties of steel used in the stud sections. These models simulated the various complexities involved such as thermal bowing and neutral axis shift caused by the non-uniform temperature distribution in the studs. The finite element analysis (FEA) results agreed well with the full scale fire test results including the FRR, outer hot and cold flange temperatures at failure and axial deformation and lateral displacement profiles. They also confirmed the superior fire performance of LSF walls made of HFC section studs. The applicability of both transient and steady state FEA of LSF walls under fire conditions was verified in this study, which also investigated the effects of using various temperature distribution patterns across the cross-section of HFC section studs on the FRR of LSF walls. This paper presents the details of this numerical study and the results.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||LSF walls, Hollow flange channel sections, Fire resistance rating (FRR), Finite element models, Non-uniform temperature distribution|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 Elsevier|
|Deposited On:||29 Oct 2015 01:45|
|Last Modified:||01 Nov 2015 04:52|
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