Identification by Raman microscopy of magnesian vivianite formed from Fe2+, Mg, Mn2+ and PO43- leached from metal and bone fragments in a Roman camp near Fort Vechten, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Kloprogge, J. Theo, Visser, Diederik, Martens, Wayde N., Duong, Loc V., & Frost, Ray L. (2003) Identification by Raman microscopy of magnesian vivianite formed from Fe2+, Mg, Mn2+ and PO43- leached from metal and bone fragments in a Roman camp near Fort Vechten, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences/Geologie en Mijnbouw, 82(2), pp. 209-214.
The presence of a magnesian vivianite (Fe2+)2.5(Mg,Mn,Ca)0.5(PO4)2.8H2O, has been identified in a soil sample from a Roman camp near Fort Vechten, The Netherlands, using a combination of Raman microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. An unsubstituted vivianite and bariĿite were characterised for comparative reasons. The split phosphate-stretching mode is recognised around 1115, 1062 and 1015 cm-1, while the corresponding bending modes are found around 591, 519, 471 and 422 cm-1. The substitution of Mg and Mn for Fe2+ in the crystal structure causes a shift towards higher wavenumbers compared to pure vivianite. As shown by the bariĿite sample substitution causes a broadening of the bands. The observed broadening however is larger than can be explained by substitution alone. The low intensity of the water bands, especially in the OH-stretching region between 2700 and 3700 cm-1 indicates that the magnesian vivianite is partially dehydrated, which explains the much larger broadening than the observed broadening caused by substitution of Mg and Mn in vivianite and bariĿite.
Impact and interest:
Citation counts are sourced monthly from and citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||bariĿite, iron phosphate, Raman microscopy, vivianite|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2003 Netherlands Journal of Geosciences Foundation|
|Copyright Statement:||The contents of this journal can be freely accessed online via the journal’s web page (see hypertext link).|
|Deposited On:||07 Apr 2005|
|Last Modified:||10 Aug 2011 18:06|
Repository Staff Only: item control page