A framing analysis on Nepalese media portrayal of disaster events using news frames and PPRR cycle

Poudel, Bharat Raj (2014) A framing analysis on Nepalese media portrayal of disaster events using news frames and PPRR cycle. In (Un)Covering Disasters: A Conference on Disaster Journalism and Risk Communication, 24–25 July 2014, Ateneo De Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.

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This study seeks to understand the prevailing status of Nepalese media portrayal of natural disasters and develop a disaster management framework to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of news production through the continuum of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery (PPRR) phases of disaster management.

The study is currently under progress. It is being undertaken in three phases. In phase-1, a qualitative content analysis is conducted. The news contents are categorized in frames as proposed in the 'Framing theory' and pre-defined frames. However, researcher has looked at the theories of the Press, linking to social responsibility theory as it is regarded as the major obligation of the media towards the society.

Thereafter, the contents are categorized as per PPRR cycle. In Phase-2, based on the findings of content analysis, 12 in-depth interviews with journalists, disaster managers and community leaders are conducted. In phase-3, based on the findings of content analysis and in-depth interviews, a framework for effective media management of disaster are developed using thematic analysis.

As the study is currently under progress hence, findings from the pilot study are elucidated. The response phase of disasters is most commonly reported in Nepal. There is relatively low coverage of preparedness and prevention. Furthermore, the responsibility frame in the news is most prevalent following human interest. Economic consequences and conflict frames are also used while reporting and vulnerability assessment has been used as an additional frame.

The outcomes of this study are multifaceted: At the micro-level people will be benefited as it will enable a reduction in the loss of human lives and property through effective dissemination of information in news and other mode of media. They will be ‘well prepared for', 'able to prevent', 'respond to' and 'recover from' any natural disasters. At the meso level the media industry will be benefited and have their own 'disaster management model of news production' as an effective disaster reporting tool which will improve in media's editorial judgment and priority. At the macro-level it will assist government and other agencies to develop appropriate policies and strategies for better management of natural disasters.

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ID Code: 89778
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: framing analysis, disaster management, media portrayal, PPRR cycle, Nepal, news production in Nepal, news frames
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Emergency & Disaster Management
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
  • QUT/Student allocation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 [please consult the author]
Deposited On: 03 Nov 2015 22:24
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2015 22:24

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