Reduced graphene oxide growth on 316L stainless steel for medical applications

Cardenas, L., MacLeod, J., Lipton-Duffin, J., Seifu, D.G., Popescu, F., Siaj, M., Mantovani, D., & Rosei, F. (2014) Reduced graphene oxide growth on 316L stainless steel for medical applications. Nanoscale, 6(15), pp. 8664-8670.

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Abstract

We report a new method for the growth of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) on the 316L alloy of stainless steel (SS) and its relevance for biomedical applications. We demonstrate that electrochemical etching increases the concentration of metallic species on the surface and enables the growth of rGO. This result is supported through a combination of Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), density functional theory (DFT) calculations and static water contact angle measurements. Raman spectroscopy identifies the G and D bands for oxidized species of graphene at 1595 cm(-1) and 1350 cm(-1), respectively, and gives an ID/IG ratio of 1.2, indicating a moderate degree of oxidation. XPS shows -OH and -COOH groups in the rGO stoichiometry and static contact angle measurements confirm the wettability of rGO. SEM and AFM measurements were performed on different substrates before and after coronene treatment to confirm rGO growth. Cell viability studies reveal that these rGO coatings do not have toxic effects on mammalian cells, making this material suitable for biomedical and biotechnological applications.

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10 citations in Scopus
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9 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 89968
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR02512A
ISSN: 2040-3372
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Royal Society of Chemistry
Deposited On: 04 Nov 2015 23:56
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2015 04:43

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