A 3-hour quantitative comparison of glucose-based versus rice-based oral rehydration solution intake by children with diarrhoea in Port Moresby General Hospital
Wall, C., Todaro, W., Edwards, K., & Cleghorn, Geoffrey J. (1995) A 3-hour quantitative comparison of glucose-based versus rice-based oral rehydration solution intake by children with diarrhoea in Port Moresby General Hospital. Papua and New Guinea Medical Journal, 38(4), pp. 284-286.
Measurements were made of the intake of a WHO/UNICEF glucose-based and a rice cereal-based oral rehydration solution (ORS) by children with diarrhoea. Twenty children who presented to the Children's Outpatient Department at Port Moresby General Hospital with acute diarrhoea and mild dehydration were randomly assigned to an ORS and measurements were taken over the following 3 hours. For data analysis, the patients were paired by weight. Testing the means of the paired samples by t test showed that there was no significant difference between the amount of rice ORS and the amount of glucose ORS taken over 3 hours. The discovery of oral rehydration solution (ORS) for the treatment of diarrheal disease has been heralded as the most important medical discovery of the century. Cereal-based ORS is able to decrease stool output and the duration of diarrheal illness more than the standard glucose-based ORS, through the increased absorption provided by oligosaccharides without the imposition of a greater osmotic penalty. Moreover, the peptides in cereals enhance amino acid and water absorption, while providing nutritional benefits. UNICEF's glucose-based ORS is becoming more widely used in Papua New Guinea (PNG). 20 children aged 6-37 months (mean age, 15 months) who presented to the Children's Outpatient Department at Port Moresby General Hospital during September-October 1993 with acute diarrhea and mild dehydration were randomly assigned to receive either a rice-based ORS or standard glucose ORS, and measurements were taken over the following 3 hours. The patients were paired by weight for analysis. No statistically significant difference was found between the amount of rice ORS and the amount of glucose ORS taken over 3 hours.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Export Date: 1 September 2015
Correspondence Address: Wall, C.
|Keywords:||glucose, oral rehydration solution, age, article, body weight, case control study, cereal, child, clinical trial, comparative study, dehydration, Demographic Factors, developing country, diarrhea, Diseases, female, fluid therapy, general hospital, human, infant, infantile diarrhea, juvenile, male, Melanesia, oral rehydration therapy, Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea, phytotherapy, population, population and population related phenomena, preschool child, randomized controlled trial, Research Report, rice, time, treatment, United Nations, world health organization, Age Factors, Developing Countries, Diarrhea, Infantile, Oceania, Oral Rehydration, Population Characteristics, Youth, Case-Control Studies, Cereals, Child, Preschool, Hospitals, General, Humans, Oryza sativa, Rehydration Solutions, Time Factors|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
|Deposited On:||13 Nov 2015 00:06|
|Last Modified:||13 Nov 2015 00:06|
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