Acceptability of a rice-based oral rehydration solution in Port Moresby General Hospital's Children's Outpatient Department

Todaro, W., Wall, C., Edwards, K., & Cleghorn, Geoffrey J. (1995) Acceptability of a rice-based oral rehydration solution in Port Moresby General Hospital's Children's Outpatient Department. Papua and New Guinea Medical Journal, 38(4), pp. 278-283.

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Abstract

The guardians of children brought to the Port Moresby General Hospital's Children's Outpatient Department with a chief complaint of diarrhoeal disease were questioned regarding their preference of glucose-based vs rice-based oral rehydration solution (ORS) in order to determine the acceptability of a rice-based ORS. Of the 93 guardians interviewed, greater than 60% preferred the glucose-based solution in its mixability, appearance and taste, and 65% initially reported that their children preferred the taste of the glucose solution. However, after a 30-minute trial, only 58% of children still preferred the glucose solution. In a country where diarrhoeal disease is a leading cause of child death and guardians are the primary health care providers, the acceptability of an ORS is critical to the morbidity and mortality of Papua New Guinea's children. Killing an estimated 2.9 million children annually, diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of child mortality worldwide. Diarrheal disease is also the second leading cause of child mortality in Papua New Guinea (PNG), killing an average 193 inpatient children per year over the period 1984-90. However, despite the high level of diarrhea-related mortality and the proven efficacy of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in managing diarrhea-related dehydration, standardized ORT has been underutilized in PNG. The current glucose-based oral rehydration solution (ORS) does not reduce the frequency or volume of a child's diarrhea, the most immediate concern of caregivers during episodes of illness. Cereal-based ORS, made from cereals which are commonly available as food staples in most countries, better address the short-term concerns of caregivers while offering a superior nutritional profile. A sample of guardians of children brought to the Port Moresby General Hospital's Children's Outpatient Department complaining of child diarrhea were asked about their preferences on glucose-based versus rice-based ORS in order to determine the acceptability of a rice-based ORS. More than 60% of the 93 guardians interviewed preferred the glucose-based solution for its mixability, appearance, and taste. 65% initially reported that their children preferred the taste of the glucose solution. However, after a 30-minute trial, only 58% of children still preferred the glucose solution.

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ID Code: 90007
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :1
Export Date: 1 September 2015
Correspondence Address: Todaro, W.
Keywords: glucose, oral rehydration solution, sodium, adult, age, article, attitude to health, caregiver, child, consumer, Demographic Factors, developing country, diarrhea, Diarrhea--prevention and control, Diseases, Family And Household, Family Relationships, family size, female, fluid therapy, general hospital, human, infant, juvenile, male, Melanesia, oral rehydration therapy, osmolarity, outpatient department, Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea, parent, patient satisfaction, pediatrics, phytotherapy, population, population and population related phenomena, preschool child, Research Report, rice, taste, treatment, United Nations, world health organization, Age Factors, Developing Countries, Family Characteristics, Oceania, Oral Rehydration, Parents, Population Characteristics, Youth, Caregivers, Child, Preschool, Consumer Satisfaction, Hospitals, General, Humans, Oryza sativa, Osmolar Concentration, Outpatient Clinics, Hospital, Rehydration Solutions
ISSN: 0031-1480
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 13 Nov 2015 02:59
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2015 02:59

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