An experimental study on anisotropic mechanical properties of porcine thoracic aorta

Wang, Y., Wang, W. J., Chen, Q., & Li, Z. Y. (2015) An experimental study on anisotropic mechanical properties of porcine thoracic aorta. Yiyong Shengwu Lixue, 30(3), 215-219 and 279.

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Abstract

Objective:

To study the anisotropic mechanical properties of the thoracic aorta in porcine.

Methods:

Twenty-one porcine thoracic aortas were collected and categorized into three groups. The aortas were then cut through in their axial directions and expanded into two-dimensional planes. Then, by setting the length direction of the planar aortas (i.e., axial directions of the aortas) as 0°, each planar aorta was counterclockwisely cut into 8 samples with orientation of 30°, 45°, 60°, 90°, 120°, 135°, 150° and 180°, respectively. Finally, the uniaxial tensile tests were applied on three groups of samples at the loading rates of 1, 5 and 10 mm/min, respectively, to obtain the elastic modulus and ultimate stress of the aorta in different directions and at different loading rates.

Results:

The stress-strain curves exhibited different viscoelastic behaviors. With the increase of sample orientations, the elastic modulus gradually increased from 30°, reached the maximum value at 90°, and then gradually decreased till 180°. The variation trend of ultimate stress was similar to that of elastic modulus. Moreover, different loading rates showed a significant influence on the results of elastic modulus and ultimate stress, but a weak influence on the anisotropic degree.

Conclusions:

The porcine thoracic aorta is highly anisotropic. This research finding provides parameter references for assignment of material properties in finite element modeling, and is significant for understanding biomechanical properties of the arteries.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 90274
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Anisotropy, Elastic modulus, Loading rate, Thoracic aorta, Ultimate stress, Uniaxial tensile test
ISSN: 1004-7220
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 by the Editorial Board of Journal of Medical Biomechanics.
Deposited On: 16 Nov 2015 04:03
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2015 02:04

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