Pulse-echo ultrasound transit time spectroscopy: A comparison of experimental measurements and simulation prediction

Wille, Marie-Luise, Almualimi, Majdi A., & Langton, Christian M. (2016) Pulse-echo ultrasound transit time spectroscopy: A comparison of experimental measurements and simulation prediction. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 230(1), pp. 20-29.

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Considering ultrasound propagation through complex composite media as an array of parallel sonic rays, a comparison of computer simulated prediction with experimental data has previously been reported for transmission mode (where one transducer serves as transmitter, the other as receiver) in a series of ten acrylic step-wedge samples, immersed in water, exhibiting varying degrees of transit time inhomogeneity. In this study, the same samples were used but in pulse-echo mode, where the same ultrasound transducer served as both transmitter and receiver, detecting both ‘primary’ (internal sample interface) and ‘secondary’ (external sample interface) echoes. A transit time spectrum (TTS) was derived, describing the proportion of sonic rays with a particular transit time. A computer simulation was performed to predict the transit time and amplitude of various echoes created, and compared with experimental data. Applying an amplitude-tolerance analysis, 91.7±3.7% of the simulated data was within ±1 standard deviation (STD) of the experimentally measured amplitude-time data. Correlation of predicted and experimental transit time spectra provided coefficients of determination (R2) ranging from 100.0% to 96.8% for the various samples tested. The results acquired from this study provide good evidence for the concept of parallel sonic rays. Further, deconvolution of experimental input and output signals has been shown to provide an effective method to identify echoes otherwise lost due to phase cancellation. Potential applications of pulse-echo ultrasound transit time spectroscopy (PE-UTTS) include improvement of ultrasound image fidelity by improving spatial resolution and reducing phase interference artefacts.

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ID Code: 90390
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Ultrasound pulse-echo, transit time spectrum, phase interference, ultrasound propagation
DOI: 10.1177/0954411915615911
ISSN: 2041-3033
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES (029900) > Medical Physics (029903)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 IMechE
Deposited On: 17 Nov 2015 22:40
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2016 13:50

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