Infant product-related injuries: comparing specialised injury surveillance and routine emergency department data

Vallmuur, Kirsten & Barker, Ruth (2016) Infant product-related injuries: comparing specialised injury surveillance and routine emergency department data. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40(1), pp. 37-42.

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  • Objective

To explore the potential for using a basic text search of routine emergency department data to identify product-related injury in infants and to compare the patterns from routine ED data and specialised injury surveillance data.

  • Methods

Data was sourced from the Emergency Department Information System (EDIS) and the Queensland Injury Surveillance Unit (QISU) for all injured infants between 2009 and 2011. A basic text search was developed to identify the top five infant products in QISU. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value were calculated and a refined search was used with EDIS. Results were manually reviewed to assess validity. Descriptive analysis was conducted to examine patterns between datasets.

  • Results

The basic text search for all products showed high sensitivity and specificity, and most searches showed high positive predictive value. EDIS patterns were similar to QISU patterns with strikingly similar month-of-age injury peaks, admission proportions and types of injuries.

  • Conclusions

This study demonstrated a capacity to identify a sample of valid cases of product-related injuries for specified products using simple text searching of routine ED data.

  • Implications

As the capacity for large datasets grows and the capability to reliably mine text improves, opportunities for expanded sources of injury surveillance data increase. This will ultimately assist stakeholders such as consumer product safety regulators and child safety advocates to appropriately target prevention initiatives.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 90403
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: infants, injury surveillance, product safety, emergency department, text searching
DOI: 10.1111/1753-6405.12466
ISSN: 1753-6405
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Information Systems (incl. Surveillance) (111711)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: © 2015 Public Health Association of Australia
Deposited On: 17 Nov 2015 04:03
Last Modified: 16 May 2016 05:16

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