Analysing commercial catch and effort data from a penaeid trawl fishery: A comparison of linear models, mixed models, and generalised estimating equations approaches

Bishop, Janet, Venables, W.N., & Wang, You-Gan (2004) Analysing commercial catch and effort data from a penaeid trawl fishery: A comparison of linear models, mixed models, and generalised estimating equations approaches. Fisheries Research, 70(2-3), pp. 179-193.

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Statistical methods are often used to analyse commercial catch and effort data to provide standardised fishing effort and/or a relative index of fish abundance for input into stock assessment models. Achieving reliable results has proved difficult in Australia's Northern Prawn Fishery (NPF), due to a combination of such factors as the biological characteristics of the animals, some aspects of the fleet dynamics, and the changes in fishing technology. For this set of data, we compared four modelling approaches (linear models, mixed models, generalised estimating equations, and generalised linear models) with respect to the outcomes of the standardised fishing effort or the relative index of abundance. We also varied the number and form of vessel covariates in the models. Within a subset of data from this fishery, modelling correlation structures did not alter the conclusions from simpler statistical models. The random-effects models also yielded similar results. This is because the estimators are all consistent even if the correlation structure is mis-specified, and the data set is very large. However, the standard errors from different models differed, suggesting that different methods have different statistical efficiency. We suggest that there is value in modelling the variance function and the correlation structure, to make valid and efficient statistical inferences and gain insight into the data. We found that fishing power was separable from the indices of prawn abundance only when we offset the impact of vessel characteristics at assumed values from external sources. This may be due to the large degree of confounding within the data, and the extreme temporal changes in certain aspects of individual vessels, the fleet and the fleet dynamics.

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ID Code: 90574
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Models in Fisheries Research: GLMs, GAMS and GLMMs
Keywords: fishing power, standardisation of fishing effort, indices of abundance, fisheries data quantity, northern-prawn-fishery, longitudinal data-analysis, size-selection, fishing power, tiger prawns, australia, outcomes, curves, impact
DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2004.08.003
ISSN: 0165-7836
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 23 Nov 2015 22:52
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2015 22:52

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