Relationship between malnutrition and selected risk factors in two hospitals in Vietnam

Hanna, Katherine L., Glen, Kate D., Lau, Bonnie T., Tran, Cuong Q., Truong, Nam T., & Gallegos, Danielle (2016) Relationship between malnutrition and selected risk factors in two hospitals in Vietnam. Nutrition and Dietetics, 73(1).

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Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the percentage of patients assessed as malnourished using the Subjective Global Assessment in two hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho across multiple wards; and to investigate the association with factors including gender, age, days since admission, medical diagnosis and number of medications used.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 205 inpatients from a hospital in Ho Chi Minh City and 78 inpatients and 89 outpatients from a hospital in Can Tho. Malnutrition status was assessed using Subjective Global Assessment. Ward, gender, age, medical diagnosis, time since admission and medication number were extracted from medical records.

Results: 35.6% of inpatients and 9.0% of outpatients were malnourished. Multivariate analysis revealed factors predicting malnutrition status within inpatients (OR (95%CI)) were: age (OR = 1.03 (1.01-1.06)); cancer diagnosis (OR = 34.25 (3.16-370.89)); respiratory ward (11.49 (1.05-125.92)); or general medicine ward (20.34 (2.10-196.88)).

Conclusions: Results indicate that malnutrition is a common problem in hospitals in Vietnam. Further research is needed to confirm this finding across a wider range of hospitals and to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of implementation of nutrition interventions in hospital settings.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 90790
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: dietitians, malnutrition, nutrition assessment, risk factors, Vietnam
DOI: 10.1111/1747-0080.12240
ISSN: 1747-0080
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Dietitians Association of Australia
Copyright Statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hanna, K. L., Glen, K. D., Lau, B. T., Tran, C. Q., Truong, N. T. and Gallegos, D. (2015), Relationship between malnutrition and selected risk factors in two hospitals in Vietnam. Nutrition & Dietetics, which has been published in final form at [In Press]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Deposited On: 09 Dec 2015 05:36
Last Modified: 17 May 2016 12:47

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