The Queensland liver transplant programme: The first two years

Lynch, S., Kerlin, P., Wall, D., Ong, T.H., Shepherd, R.W., Cleghorn, G.J., Pillay, S.P., Powell, L., Balderson, G., O'Connor, J., Hardie, I., Cooksley, W.G., Hourigan, K., McKeering, L., & Strong, R. (1987) The Queensland liver transplant programme: The first two years. Medical Journal of Australia, 147(8), pp. 380-385.

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Orthotopic liver transplantation began in Brisbane in January 1985. During the first two years of the programme an assessment committee evaluated 55 patients (38 adults, 17 children). Patients were either accepted for transplantation, rejected as unsuitable or deferred for elective reassessment. All of the 10 adults who were rejected for transplantation because they had 'too advanced' disease died within four months of assessment. Six children who were accepted for transplantation died before a suitable donor liver could be found. In the first two years, 21 orthotopic liver transplantations were performed on 18 patients (adults, 13 patients; children, five patients). Fifteen of 21 grafts were procured from within Queensland. Twelve (67%) patients are alive at three to 23 months and all have been discharged from hospital. Deaths in adults were due to sepsis (three patients), aspiration pneumonitis (one patient), rejection and hepatic artery thrombosis (one patient) and the recurrence of a hepatocellular carcinoma five months after discharge from hospital (one patient). Two patients underwent a second transplantation procedure because of chronic rejection at four months and at 11 months, respectively, after the initial operation. One patient received a second transplant for primary graft failure at four days after the operation. A scoring system which considered the presence of pre-operative patient factors, such as coma, ascites, malnutrition and previous abdominal surgery, partly predicted the operative blood loss and patient survival. In conclusion, orthotopic liver transplantation is being performed in Australia with survival rates that are comparable with those of established overseas units.

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ID Code: 90835
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: adult, child, complication, human, kidney graft, liver transplantation, major clinical study, survival rate, Adolescent, Child, Preschool, Female, Immunosuppressive Agents, Infant, Liver Diseases, Male, Methods, Middle Age, Mortality, Postoperative Complications, Queensland, Referral and Consultation, Reoperation
ISSN: 0025-729X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 30 Nov 2015 01:54
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 01:55

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