The Relationship Between University Culture and Climate and Research Scientists’ Spin-off Intentions
Huyghe, Annelore & Knockaert, Mirjam (2016) The Relationship Between University Culture and Climate and Research Scientists’ Spin-off Intentions. In Audretsch, David, Lehmann, Erik, Meoli, Michele, & Vismara, Silvio (Eds.) University Evolution, Entrepreneurial Activity and Regional Competitiveness. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 3-26.
Over the past decades, universities have increasingly become involved in entrepreneurial activities. Despite efforts to embrace their 'third mission', universities still demonstrate great heterogeneity in terms of their involvement in academic entrepreneurship. This chapter adopts an institutional perspective to understand how organizational characteristics affect research scientists' entrepreneurial intentions. We study the impact of university culture and climate on entrepreneurial intentions, thereby specifically focusing on intentions to spin off a company. Using a sample of 437 research scientists from Swedish and German universities, our results reveal that the extent to which universities articulate entrepreneurship as a fundamental element of their mission fosters research scientists' spin-off intentions. Furthermore, the presence of university role models positively affects research scientists' propensity to engage in entrepreneurial activities, both directly and indirectly through entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Finally, research scientists working at universities which explicitly reward people for 'third mission' related output show higher levels of spin-off intentions. This study has implications for both academics and practitioners, including university managers and policy makers.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Keywords:||Entrepreneurial Intentions, Academic Entrepreneurship, Organizational Culture, Organizational Climate|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Entrepreneurship (150304)|
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland|
|Deposited On:||29 Nov 2015 22:48|
|Last Modified:||02 Dec 2015 01:51|
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