Assessment of transit quality of service with occupancy load factor and passenger travel time measures

Bunker, Jonathan M. (2015) Assessment of transit quality of service with occupancy load factor and passenger travel time measures. Transportation Research Record, 2535, pp. 45-54.

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Abstract

This paper investigates quality of service (QoS) and resource productivity implications of transit route passenger loading and travel time. It highlights the value of occupancy load factor as a direct passenger comfort QoS measure. Automatic Fare Collection data for a premium radial bus route in Brisbane, Australia, is used to investigate time series correlation between occupancy load factor and passenger average travel time. Correlation is strong across the entire span of service in both directions. Passengers tend to be making longer, peak direction commuter trips under significantly less comfortable conditions than off-peak. The Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual uses segment based load factor as a measure of onboard loading comfort QoS. This paper provides additional insight into QoS by relating the two route based dimensions of occupancy load factor and passenger average travel time together in a two dimensional format, both from the passenger’s and operator’s perspectives. Future research will apply Value of Time to QoS measurement, reflecting perceived passenger comfort through crowding and average time spent onboard. This would also assist in transit service quality econometric modeling. The methodology can be readily applied in a practical setting where AFC data for fixed scheduled routes is available. The study outcomes also provide valuable research and development directions.

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ID Code: 90945
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: transit, quality of service, load factor, travel time, occupancy
DOI: 10.3141/2535-05
ISSN: 0361-1981
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 National Academy of Sciences
Deposited On: 02 Dec 2015 22:36
Last Modified: 16 May 2016 16:28

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