An assessment of postural sway in ballet dancers during first position, relevé and sauté with accelerometers

Hinton-Lewis, Christopher W., McDonough, Elle, Moyle, Gene M., & Thiel, David V. (2016) An assessment of postural sway in ballet dancers during first position, relevé and sauté with accelerometers. In Procedia Engineering, Elsevier Ltd, Delft, The Netherlands, pp. 127-132.

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Classical ballet is a performance art where unintentional and uncontrolled movement degrades the aesthetic. Vertical torso movement can induce body tilt. Postural sway was measured in pre-professional ballet dancers when performing simple vertical movements. 47 pre-professional dancers (5 males and 42 females, mean age in years = 19.2, SD= ± 1.3) on a full time undergraduate dance program were asked to stand in first position and perform a demi-plié, a relevé and a sauté. These movements were performed in a continuous cycle undertaken 15 consecutive times. The first 5 cycles were undertaken as practice. The second set of 5 cycles were recorded with the arms held in Bras bas, with the final 5 having the arms held in fifth position (rounded arms placed above the head). Accelerometers were attached to the lumber spine (L4) and thoracic spine (T1-T2). The tilt during the demi-plié prior to the sauté and relevé increased significantly for both arm positions. The male participants preparative angle change was much larger than the female participants (p = 0.07). No significant angle change was observed between the Bras bas and arms in fifth position for the sauté but the change is significant for the relevé (p = 0.007). Exaggerated forward tilt is undesirable both aesthetically and biomechanically. Small accelerometer sensors on the spine can allow self-monitoring practice of these basic classical ballet movements.

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ID Code: 90952
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: The Engineering of SPORT 11, Delft, The Netherlands, 11-14 July 2016
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Accelerometer, Classical Ballet, Releve, Jumps, Sway
DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.201
ISSN: 1877-7058
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING (190000) > PERFORMING ARTS AND CREATIVE WRITING (190400) > Dance (190403)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Current > Schools > School of Media, Entertainment & Creative Arts
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 The Authors
Copyright Statement: Under a Creative Commons license
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2015 05:50
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2016 22:27

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