Condition-specific associations of symptoms of depression and anxiety in adolescents and young adults with asthma and food allergy

Ferro, Mark A., Van Lieshout, Ryan J., Scott, James G., Alati, Rosa, Mamun, Abdullah A., & Dingle, Kaeleen (2016) Condition-specific associations of symptoms of depression and anxiety in adolescents and young adults with asthma and food allergy. Journal of Asthma, 53(3), pp. 282-288.

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Abstract

Objective

  • This study examined associations of asthma and food allergy with symptoms of depression and anxiety at 14 and 21 years of age to determine whether condition-specific associations exist.

Methods

  • Data come from 4972 adolescents in the Mater University Study of Pregnancy. Symptoms of depression and anxiety were assessed using the Youth Self-Report and Young Adult Self-Report.

Results

  • Condition-specific associations between asthma and depression, OR=1.37 [1.12, 1.67] and between food allergy and anxiety, OR=1.26 [1.04, 1.76] were found during adolescence, but not in young adulthood. Whereas asthma was associated with resolved depression, OR=1.70 [1.13, 2.55], food allergy was associated with persistent anxiety, OR=1.26 [1.01, 1.59].

Conclusions

  • In adolescents, asthma is associated with an increased risk of clinically relevant symptoms of depression and food allergy with and increased risk of clinically relevant symptoms of anxiety. Future research is needed to clarify directionality and mechanisms explaining these relationships. Health professionals should be aware of the increased risk of mental health problems in adolescents with asthma or food allergy.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 91243
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: adolescent, allergic disease, atopic disease, behaviour, longitudinal study, young adult
DOI: 10.3109/02770903.2015.1104694
ISSN: 1532-4303
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > IMMUNOLOGY (110700) > Allergy (110701)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Epidemiology (111706)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Mental Health (111714)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Taylor & Francis Inc.
Copyright Statement: The Version of Record of this manuscript has been published
and is available in Journal of Asthma, [In Press], http://www.tandfonline.com/10.3109/02770903.2015.1104694
Deposited On: 15 Dec 2015 04:25
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2016 16:00

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