Biorefineries – creating economic opportunities from biofuels and bio-products

O'Hara, Ian M. (2014) Biorefineries – creating economic opportunities from biofuels and bio-products. In 2014 Asia BioHyLinks (ABHL) Meeting: Asia Biohydrogen and Biorefinery (ABB) Symposium, 16-18 December 2014, Melaka, Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biorefineries, producing fuels, green chemicals and bio-products, offer great potential for improving the profitability and sustainability of tropical agricultural industries. Biomass from tropical crops like sugarcane, sweet sorghum, palm and cassava offer great potential because of the high biomass growth potential under favourable climatic conditions.

Biorefineries aim to convert waste residues through biochemical and enzymatic processes to low cost fermentable sugars which are a platform for value-adding. Through subsequent fermentation utilising microbial biotechnologies or chemical synthesis, the sugars can be converted to fuels including ethanol and butanol, oils, organic acids such as lactic and levulinic acid and polymer precursors. Other biorefinery products can include food and animal feeds, plastics, fibre products and resins. Pretreatment technologies are a key to unlocking this potential and new technologies are emerging.

This paper will address the opportunities available for tropical biorefineries to contribute to the future profitability of tropical agricultural industries. The importance of pretreatment technologies will be discussed.

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ID Code: 91518
Item Type: Conference Item (Keynote)
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Keywords: biorefinery, economy, tropical crops
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > TECHNOLOGY (100000) > INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY (100300) > Bioprocessing Bioproduction and Bioproducts (100302)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Author
Deposited On: 04 Jan 2016 03:24
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2016 02:54

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