Violence against the adolescents of Kolkata: A study in relation to the socio-economic background and mental health

Deb, Sibnath, Ray, Mrinalkanti, Bhattacharyya, Banhishikha, & Sun, Jiandong (2016) Violence against the adolescents of Kolkata: A study in relation to the socio-economic background and mental health. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 19, pp. 4-13.

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Abstract

This study attempts to understand the nature of violence suffered by the adolescents of Kolkata (erstwhile Calcutta) and to identify its relation with their socio-economic background and mental health variables such as anxiety, adjustment, and self-concept. It is a cross-sectional study covering a total of 370 adolescents (182 boys and 188 girls) from six higher secondary schools in Kolkata. The data was gathered by way of a semi-structured questionnaire and three standard psychological tests. Findings revealed that 52.4%, 25.1%, and 12.7% adolescents suffered psychological, physical, and sexual violence in the last year. Older adolescents (aged 17–18 years) suffered more psychological violence than the younger ones (15–16 years) (p < 0.05). Sixty nine (18.6%) adolescent students stood witness to violence between adult members in the family. More than three-fifth (61.9%) adolescents experienced at least one type of violence, while one-third (32.7%) experienced physical or sexual violence or both. Whatever its nature is, violence leaves a scar on the mental health of the victims. Those who have been through regular psychological violence reported high anxiety, emotional adjustment problem, and low self-concept. Sexual abuse left a damaging effect on self-concept (p < 0.05), while psychological violence or the witnessing of violence prompted high anxiety scores (p < 0.05), poor emotional adjustment (p < 0.05), and low self-concept (p < 0.05). This study stresses the need to provide individual counselling services to the maltreated adolescents of Kolkata so that their psychological traumas can heal and that they can move on in life with new hopes and dreams.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 91589
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Violence, Adolescent, Kolkata, Mental health
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2015.11.003
ISSN: 1876-2018
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Elsevier
Deposited On: 05 Jan 2016 01:19
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2016 03:52

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