Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology

Locke, Adam E., Kahali, Bratati, Berndt, Sonja I., Justice, Anne E., Pers, Tune H., Day, Felix R., Powell, Corey, Vedantam, Sailaja, Buchkovich, Martin L., Yang, Jian, Croteau-Chonka, Damien C., Esko, Tonu, Fall, Tove, Ferreira, Teresa, Gustafsson, Stefan, Kutalik, Zoltán, Luan, Jian’an, Mägi, Reedik, Randall, Joshua C., Winkler, Thomas W., Wood, Andrew R., Workalemahu, Tsegaselassie, Faul, Jessica D., Smith, Jennifer A., Hua Zhao, Jing, Zhao, Wei, Chen, Jin, Fehrmann, Rudolf, Hedman, Åsa K., Karjalainen, Juha, Schmidt, Ellen M., Absher, Devin, Amin, Najaf, Anderson, Denise, Beekman, Marian, Bolton, Jennifer L., Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L., Buyske, Steven, Demirkan, Ayse, Deng, Guohong, Ehret, Georg B., Feenstra, Bjarke, Feitosa, Mary F., Fischer, Krista, Goel, Anuj, Gong, Jian, Jackson, Anne U., Kanoni, Stavroula, Kleber, Marcus E., Kristiansson, Kati, Lim, Unhee, Lotay, Vaneet, Mangino, Massimo, Mateo Leach, Irene, Medina-Gomez, Carolina, Medland, Sarah E., Nalls, Michael A., Palmer, Cameron D., Pasko, Dorota, Pechlivanis, Sonali, Peters, Marjolein J., Prokopenko, Inga, Shungin, Dmitry, Stančáková, Alena, Strawbridge, Rona J., Ju Sung, Yun, Tanaka, Toshiko, Teumer, Alexander, Trompet, Stella, van der Laan, Sander W., van Setten, Jessica, Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V., Wang, Zhaoming, Yengo, Loïc, Zhang, Weihua, Isaacs, Aaron, Albrecht, Eva, Ärnlöv, Johan, Arscott, Gillian M., Attwood, Antony P., Bandinelli, Stefania, Barrett, Amy, Bas, Isabelita N., Bellis, Claire, Bennett, Amanda J., Berne, Christian, Blagieva, Roza, Blüher, Matthias, Böhringer, Stefan, Bonnycastle, Lori L., Böttcher, Yvonne, Boyd, Heather A., Bruinenberg, Marcel, Caspersen, Ida H., Ida Chen, Yii-Der, Clarke, Robert, Warwick Daw, E., de Craen, Anton J. M., Delgado, Graciela, Dimitriou, Maria, Doney, Alex S. F., Eklund, Niina, Estrada, Karol, Eury, Elodie, Folkersen, Lasse, Fraser, Ross M., Garcia, Melissa E., Geller, Frank, Giedraitis, Vilmantas, Gigante, Bruna, Go, Alan S., Golay, Alain, Goodall, Alison H., Gordon, Scott D., Gorski, Mathias, Grabe, Hans-Jörgen, Grallert, Harald, Grammer, Tanja B., Gräßler, Jürgen, Grönberg, Henrik, Groves, Christopher J., Gusto, Gaëlle, Haessler, Jeffrey, Hall, Per, Haller, Toomas, Hallmans, Goran, Hartman, Catharina A., Hassinen, Maija, Hayward, Caroline, Heard-Costa, Nancy L., Helmer, Quinta, Hengstenberg, Christian, Holmen, Oddgeir, Hottenga, Jouke-Jan, James, Alan L., Jeff, Janina M., Johansson, Åsa, Jolley, Jennifer, Juliusdottir, Thorhildur, Kinnunen, Leena, Koenig, Wolfgang, Koskenvuo, Markku, Kratzer, Wolfgang, Laitinen, Jaana, Lamina, Claudia, Leander, Karin, Lee, Nanette R., Lichtner, Peter, Lind, Lars, Lindström, Jaana, Sin Lo, Ken, Lobbens, Stéphane, Lorbeer, Roberto, Lu, Yingchang, Mach, François, Magnusson, Patrik K. E., Mahajan, Anubha, McArdle, Wendy L., McLachlan, Stela, Menni, Cristina, Merger, Sigrun, Mihailov, Evelin, Milani, Lili, Moayyeri, Alireza, Monda, Keri L., Morken, Mario A., Mulas, Antonella, Müller, Gabriele, Müller-Nurasyid, Martina, Musk, Arthur W., Nagaraja, Ramaiah, Nöthen, Markus M., Nolte, Ilja M., Pilz, Stefan, Rayner, Nigel W., Renstrom, Frida, Rettig, Rainer, Ried, Janina S., Ripke, Stephan, Robertson, Neil R., Rose, Lynda M., Sanna, Serena, Scharnagl, Hubert, Scholtens, Salome, Schumacher, Fredrick R., Scott, William R., Seufferlein, Thomas, Shi, Jianxin, Vernon Smith, Albert, Smolonska, Joanna, Stanton, Alice V., Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur, Stirrups, Kathleen, Stringham, Heather M., Sundström, Johan, Swertz, Morris A., Swift, Amy J., Syvänen, Ann-Christine, Tan, Sian-Tsung, Tayo, Bamidele O., Thorand, Barbara, Thorleifsson, Gudmar, Tyrer, Jonathan P., Uh, Hae-Won, Vandenput, Liesbeth, Verhulst, Frank C., Vermeulen, Sita H., Verweij, Niek, Vonk, Judith M., Waite, Lindsay L., Warren, Helen R., Waterworth, Dawn, Weedon, Michael N., Wilkens, Lynne R., Willenborg, Christina, Wilsgaard, Tom, Wojczynski, Mary K., Wong, Andrew, Wright, Alan F., Zhang, Qunyuan, Brennan, Eoin P., Choi, Murim, Dastani, Zari, Drong, Alexander W., Eriksson, Per, Franco-Cereceda, Anders, Gådin, Jesper R., Gharavi, Ali G., Goddard, Michael E., Handsaker, Robert E., Huang, Jinyan, Karpe, Fredrik, Kathiresan, Sekar, Keildson, Sarah, Kiryluk, Krzysztof, Kubo, Michiaki, Lee, Jong-Young, Liang, Liming, Lifton, Richard P., Ma, Baoshan, McCarroll, Steven A., McKnight, Amy J., Min, Josine L., Moffatt, Miriam F., Montgomery, Grant W., Murabito, Joanne M., Nicholson, George, Nyholt, Dale R., Okada, Yukinori, Perry, John R. B., Dorajoo, Rajkumar, Reinmaa, Eva, Salem, Rany M., Sandholm, Niina, Scott, Robert A., Stolk, Lisette, Takahashi, Atsushi, Tanaka, Toshihiro, van’t Hooft, Ferdinand M., Vinkhuyzen, Anna A. E., Westra, Harm-Jan, Zheng, Wei, Zondervan, Krina T., Heath, Andrew C., Arveiler, Dominique, Bakker, Stephan J. L., Beilby, John, Bergman, Richard N., Blangero, John, Bovet, Pascal, Campbell, Harry, Caulfield, Mark J., Cesana, Giancarlo, Chakravarti, Aravinda, Chasman, Daniel I., Chines, Peter S., Collins, Francis S., Crawford, Dana C., Adrienne Cupples, L., Cusi, Daniele, Danesh, John, de Faire, Ulf, den Ruijter, Hester M., Dominiczak, Anna F., Erbel, Raimund, Erdmann, Jeanette, Eriksson, Johan G., Farrall, Martin, Felix, Stephan B., Ferrannini, Ele, Ferrières, Jean, Ford, Ian, Forouhi, Nita G., Forrester, Terrence, Franco, Oscar H., Gansevoort, Ron T., Gejman, Pablo V., Gieger, Christian, Gottesman, Omri, Gudnason, Vilmundur, Gyllensten, Ulf, Hall, Alistair S., Harris, Tamara B., Hattersley, Andrew T., Hicks, Andrew A., Hindorff, Lucia A., Hingorani, Aroon D., Hofman, Albert, Homuth, Georg, Kees Hovingh, G., Humphries, Steve E., Hunt, Steven C., Hyppönen, Elina, Illig, Thomas, Jacobs, Kevin B., Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta, Jöckel, Karl-Heinz, Johansen, Berit, Jousilahti, Pekka, Wouter Jukema, J., Jula, Antti M., Kaprio, Jaakko, Kastelein, John J. P., Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka M., Kiemeney, Lambertus A., Knekt, Paul, Kooner, Jaspal S., Kooperberg, Charles, Kovacs, Peter, Kraja, Aldi T., Kumari, Meena, Kuusisto, Johanna, Lakka, Timo A., Langenberg, Claudia, Le Marchand, Loic, Lehtimäki, Terho, Lyssenko, Valeriya, Männistö, Satu, Marette, André, Matise, Tara C., McKenzie, Colin A., McKnight, Barbara, Moll, Frans L., Morris, Andrew D., Morris, Andrew P., Murray, Jeffrey C., Nelis, Mari, Ohlsson, Claes, Oldehinkel, Albertine J., Ong, Ken K., Madden, Pamela A. F., Pasterkamp, Gerard, Peden, John F., Peters, Annette, Postma, Dirkje S., Pramstaller, Peter P., Price, Jackie F., Qi, Lu, Raitakari, Olli T., Rankinen, Tuomo, Rao, D. C., Rice, Treva K., Ridker, Paul M., Rioux, John D., Ritchie, Marylyn D., Rudan, Igor, Salomaa, Veikko, Samani, Nilesh J., Saramies, Jouko, Sarzynski, Mark A., Schunkert, Heribert, Schwarz, Peter E. H., Sever, Peter, Shuldiner, Alan R., Sinisalo, Juha, Stolk, Ronald P., Strauch, Konstantin, Tönjes, Anke, Trégouët, David-Alexandre, Tremblay, Angelo, Tremoli, Elena, Virtamo, Jarmo, Vohl, Marie-Claude, Völker, Uwe, Waeber, Gérard, Willemsen, Gonneke, Witteman, Jacqueline C., Carola Zillikens, M., Adair, Linda S., Amouyel, Philippe, Asselbergs, Folkert W., Assimes, Themistocles L., Bochud, Murielle, Boehm, Bernhard O., Boerwinkle, Eric, Bornstein, Stefan R., Bottinger, Erwin P., Bouchard, Claude, Cauchi, Stéphane, Chambers, John C., Chanock, Stephen J., Cooper, Richard S., de Bakker, Paul I. W., Dedoussis, George, Ferrucci, Luigi, Franks, Paul W., Froguel, Philippe, Groop, Leif C., Haiman, Christopher A., Hamsten, Anders, Hui, Jennie, Hunter, David J., Hveem, Kristian, Kaplan, Robert C., Kivimaki, Mika, Kuh, Diana, Laakso, Markku, Liu, Yongmei, Martin, Nicholas G., März, Winfried, Melbye, Mads, Metspalu, Andres, Moebus, Susanne, Munroe, Patricia B., Njølstad, Inger, Oostra, Ben A., Palmer, Colin N. A., Pedersen, Nancy L., Perola, Markus, Pérusse, Louis, Peters, Ulrike, Power, Chris, Quertermous, Thomas, Rauramaa, Rainer, Rivadeneira, Fernando, Saaristo, Timo E., Saleheen, Danish, Sattar, Naveed, Schadt, Eric E., Schlessinger, David, Eline Slagboom, P., Snieder, Harold, Spector, Tim D., Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur, Stumvoll, Michael, Tuomilehto, Jaakko, Uitterlinden, André G., Uusitupa, Matti, van der Harst, Pim, Walker, Mark, Wallaschofski, Henri, Wareham, Nicholas J., Watkins, Hugh, Weir, David R., Wichmann, H-Erich, Wilson, James F., Zanen, Pieter, Borecki, Ingrid B., Deloukas, Panos, Fox, Caroline S., Heid, Iris M., O’Connell, Jeffrey R., Strachan, David P., Stefansson, Kari, van Duijn, Cornelia M., Abecasis, Gonçalo R., Franke, Lude, Frayling, Timothy M., McCarthy, Mark I., Visscher, Peter M., Scherag, André, Willer, Cristen J., Boehnke, Michael, Mohlke, Karen L., Lindgren, Cecilia M., Beckmann, Jacques S., Barroso, Inês, North, Kari E., Ingelsson, Erik, Hirschhorn, Joel N., Loos, Ruth J. F., & Speliotes, Elizabeth K. (2015) Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology. Nature, 518(7538), pp. 197-206.

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Abstract

Obesity is heritable and predisposes to many diseases. To understand the genetic basis of obesity better, here we conduct a genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals. This analysis identifies 97 BMI-associated loci (P < 5 × 10−8), 56 of which are novel. Five loci demonstrate clear evidence of several independent association signals, and many loci have significant effects on other metabolic phenotypes. The 97 loci account for ~2.7% of BMI variation, and genome-wide estimates suggest that common variation accounts for >20% of BMI variation. Pathway analyses provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility and implicate new genes and pathways, including those related to synaptic function, glutamate signalling, insulin secretion/action, energy metabolism, lipid biology and adipogenesis.

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ID Code: 91760
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1038/nature14177
ISSN: 1476-4687
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 11 Jan 2016 22:08
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2016 00:42

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