Six novel susceptibility Loci for early-onset androgenetic alopecia and their unexpected association with common diseases

Li, Rui, Brockschmidt, Felix F., Kiefer, Amy K., Stefansson, Hreinn, Nyholt, Dale R., Song, Kijoung, Vermeulen, Sita H., Kanoni, Stavroula, Glass, Daniel, Medland, Sarah E., Dimitriou, Maria, Waterworth, Dawn, Tung, Joyce Y., Geller, Frank, Heilmann, Stefanie, Hillmer, Axel M., Bataille, Veronique, Eigelshoven, Sibylle, Hanneken, Sandra, Moebus, Susanne, Herold, Christine, den Heijer, Martin, Montgomery, Grant W., Deloukas, Panos, Eriksson, Nicholas, Heath, Andrew C., Becker, Tim, Sulem, Patrick, Mangino, Massimo, Vollenweider, Peter, Spector, Tim D., Dedoussis, George, Martin, Nicholas G., Kiemeney, Lambertus A., Mooser, Vincent, Stefansson, Kari, Hinds, David A., Nöthen, Markus M., & Richards, J. Brent (2012) Six novel susceptibility Loci for early-onset androgenetic alopecia and their unexpected association with common diseases. PLoS Genet, 8(5), e1002746.

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Abstract

Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a highly heritable condition and the most common form of hair loss in humans. Susceptibility loci have been described on the X chromosome and chromosome 20, but these loci explain a minority of its heritable variance. We conducted a large-scale meta-analysis of seven genome-wide association studies for early-onset AGA in 12,806 individuals of European ancestry. While replicating the two AGA loci on the X chromosome and chromosome 20, six novel susceptibility loci reached genome-wide significance (p = 2.62x10(-)(9)-1.01x10(-)(1)(2)). Unexpectedly, we identified a risk allele at 17q21.31 that was recently associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) at a genome-wide significant level. We then tested the association between early-onset AGA and the risk of PD in a cross-sectional analysis of 568 PD cases and 7,664 controls. Early-onset AGA cases had significantly increased odds of subsequent PD (OR = 1.28, 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.55, p = 8.9x10(-)(3)). Further, the AGA susceptibility alleles at the 17q21.31 locus are on the H1 haplotype, which is under negative selection in Europeans and has been linked to decreased fertility. Combining the risk alleles of six novel and two established susceptibility loci, we created a genotype risk score and tested its association with AGA in an additional sample. Individuals in the highest risk quartile of a genotype score had an approximately six-fold increased risk of early-onset AGA [odds ratio (OR) = 5.78, p = 1.4x10(-)(8)(8)]. Our results highlight unexpected associations between early-onset AGA, Parkinson's disease, and decreased fertility, providing important insights into the pathophysiology of these conditions.

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ID Code: 91844
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adult, Aged, Alleles, Alopecia/*genetics, Fertility/genetics, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, *Genome-Wide Association Study, Genotype, Haplotypes, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease/*genetics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Risk Factors
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002746
ISSN: 1553-7404
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Li et al.
Copyright Statement: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Deposited On: 13 Jan 2016 04:29
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2016 00:46

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