Meta-analysis of 28,141 individuals identifies common variants within five new loci that influence uric acid concentrations

Kolz, M., Johnson, T., Sanna, S., Teumer, A., Vitart, V., Perola, M., Mangino, M., Albrecht, E., Wallace, C., Farrall, M., Johansson, A., Nyholt, D.R., Aulchenko, Y., Beckmann, J. S., Bergmann, S., Bochud, M., Brown, M., Campbell, H., Connell, J., Dominiczak, A., Homuth, G., Lamina, C., McCarthy, M. I., Meitinger, T., Mooser, V., Munroe, P., Nauck, M., Peden, J., Prokisch, H., Salo, P., Salomaa, V., Samani, N. J., Schlessinger, D., Uda, M., Volker, U., Waeber, G., Waterworth, D., Wang-Sattler, R., Wright, A. F., Adamski, J., Whitfield, J. B., Gyllensten, U., Wilson, J. F., Rudan, I., Pramstaller, P., Watkins, H., Doering, A., Wichmann, H. E., Study, Kora, Spector, T. D., Peltonen, L., Volzke, H., Nagaraja, R., Vollenweider, P., Caulfield, M., Illig, T., & Gieger, C. (2009) Meta-analysis of 28,141 individuals identifies common variants within five new loci that influence uric acid concentrations. PLoS Genetics, 5(6), e1000504.

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Elevated serum uric acid levels cause gout and are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. To investigate the polygenetic basis of serum uric acid levels, we conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association scans from 14 studies totalling 28,141 participants of European descent, resulting in identification of 954 SNPs distributed across nine loci that exceeded the threshold of genome-wide significance, five of which are novel. Overall, the common variants associated with serum uric acid levels fall in the following nine regions: SLC2A9 (p = 5.2x10(-201)), ABCG2 (p = 3.1x10(-26)), SLC17A1 (p = 3.0x10(-14)), SLC22A11 (p = 6.7x10(-14)), SLC22A12 (p = 2.0x10(-9)), SLC16A9 (p = 1.1x10(-8)), GCKR (p = 1.4x10(-9)), LRRC16A (p = 8.5x10(-9)), and near PDZK1 (p = 2.7x10(-9)). Identified variants were analyzed for gender differences. We found that the minor allele for rs734553 in SLC2A9 has greater influence in lowering uric acid levels in women and the minor allele of rs2231142 in ABCG2 elevates uric acid levels more strongly in men compared to women. To further characterize the identified variants, we analyzed their association with a panel of metabolites. rs12356193 within SLC16A9 was associated with DL-carnitine (p = 4.0x10(-26)) and propionyl-L-carnitine (p = 5.0x10(-8)) concentrations, which in turn were associated with serum UA levels (p = 1.4x10(-57) and p = 8.1x10(-54), respectively), forming a triangle between SNP, metabolites, and UA levels. Taken together, these associations highlight additional pathways that are important in the regulation of serum uric acid levels and point toward novel potential targets for pharmacological intervention to prevent or treat hyperuricemia. In addition, these findings strongly support the hypothesis that transport proteins are key in regulating serum uric acid levels.

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ID Code: 92002
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Kolz, Melanie
Johnson, Toby
Sanna, Serena
Teumer, Alexander
Vitart, Veronique
Perola, Markus
Mangino, Massimo
Albrecht, Eva
Wallace, Chris
Farrall, Martin
Johansson, Asa
Nyholt, Dale R
Aulchenko, Yurii
Beckmann, Jacques S
Bergmann, Sven
Bochud, Murielle
Brown, Morris
Campbell, Harry
Connell, John
Dominiczak, Anna
Homuth, Georg
Lamina, Claudia
McCarthy, Mark I
Meitinger, Thomas
Mooser, Vincent
Munroe, Patricia
Nauck, Matthias
Peden, John
Prokisch, Holger
Salo, Perttu
Salomaa, Veikko
Samani, Nilesh J
Schlessinger, David
Uda, Manuela
Volker, Uwe
Waeber, Gerard
Waterworth, Dawn
Wang-Sattler, Rui
Wright, Alan F
Adamski, Jerzy
Whitfield, John B
Gyllensten, Ulf
Wilson, James F
Rudan, Igor
Pramstaller, Peter
Watkins, Hugh
Doering, Angela
Wichmann, H-Erich
Spector, Tim D
Peltonen, Leena
Volzke, Henry
Nagaraja, Ramaiah
Vollenweider, Peter
Caulfield, Mark
Illig, Thomas
Gieger, Christian
076113/B/04/Z/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom
CZB/4/710/Chief Scientist Office/United Kingdom
FS/05/061/19501/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom
G0400874/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom
G9521010/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom
G9521010D/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom
MC_U127561128/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom
N01-AG-1-2109/AG/NIA NIH HHS/
PG02/128/British Heart Foundation/United Kingdom
Arthritis Research UK/United Kingdom
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
2009/06/09 09:00
PLoS Genet. 2009 Jun;5(6):e1000504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000504. Epub 2009 Jun 5.
Keywords: Female, *Genetic Variation, Genome-Wide Association Study, Gout/etiology, Humans, Male, Uric Acid/*blood
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000504
ISSN: 1553-7390
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Kolz et al
Copyright Statement: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted
use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Deposited On: 19 Jan 2016 02:13
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2016 00:59

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