Personality, health and lifestyle in a questionnaire family study: A comparison between highly cooperative and less cooperative families

Distel, M. A., Ligthart, L., Willemsen, G., Nyholt, D. R., Trull, T. J., & Boomsma, D. I. (2007) Personality, health and lifestyle in a questionnaire family study: A comparison between highly cooperative and less cooperative families. Twin Res Hum Genet, 10(2), pp. 348-353.

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Abstract

The effect of nonresponse on health and lifestyle measures has received extensive study, showing at most relatively modest effects. Nonresponse bias with respect to personality has been less thoroughly investigated. The present study uses data from responding individuals as a proxy for the missing data of their nonresponding family members to examine the presence of nonresponse bias for personality traits and disorders as well as health and lifestyle traits. We looked at the Big Five personality traits, borderline personality disorder (BPD) features, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Anger, and several measures of health (Body Mass Index, migraine) and lifestyle (smoking, alcohol use). In general, outcomes tend to be slightly more favorable for individuals from highly cooperative families compared to individuals from less cooperative families. The only significant difference was found for BPD features (p = .001). However, the absolute difference in mean scores is very small, less than 1 point for a scale ranging from 0 to 72. In conclusion, survey data on personality, health and lifestyle are relatively unbiased with respect to nonresponse.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 92150
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Distel, Marijn A
Ligthart, Lannie
Willemsen, Gonneke
Nyholt, Dale R
Trull, Timothy J
Boomsma, Dorret I
eng
Comparative Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Twin Study
Australia
2007/06/15 09:00
Twin Res Hum Genet. 2007 Apr;10(2):348-53.
Keywords: Anger, Borderline Personality Disorder/genetics/psychology, *Cooperative Behavior, Diseases in Twins/genetics/psychology, *Family Relations, Female, Health Status, Humans, Life Style, Male, Migraine Disorders/genetics/psychology, Netherlands, *Personality, Questionnaires, Twins/genetics/psychology
DOI: 10.1375/twin.10.2.348
ISSN: 1832-4274
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Cambridge University Press
Deposited On: 27 Jan 2016 05:58
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2016 01:56

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