MPC controlled multirotor with suspended slung load: System architecture and visual load detection

Zürn, Markus, McFadyen, Aaron, Notter, Stefan, Heckmann, Alexander, Morton, Kye, & Gonzalez, Luis F. (2016) MPC controlled multirotor with suspended slung load: System architecture and visual load detection. In 2016 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 5-12 March 2016, Yellowstone Conference Center, Big Sky, Montana.

Abstract

There is an increased interest in the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for load transportation from environmental remote sensing to construction and parcel delivery. One of the main challenges is accurate control of the load position and trajectory. This paper presents an assessment of real flight trials for the control of an autonomous multi-rotor with a suspended slung load using only visual feedback to determine the load position. This method uses an onboard camera to take advantage of a common visual marker detection algorithm to robustly detect the load location. The load position is calculated using an onboard processor, and transmitted over a wireless network to a ground station integrating MATLAB/SIMULINK and Robotic Operating System (ROS) and a Model Predictive Controller (MPC) to control both the load and the UAV. To evaluate the system performance, the position of the load determined by the visual detection system in real flight is compared with data received by a motion tracking system. The multi-rotor position tracking performance is also analyzed by conducting flight trials using perfect load position data and data obtained only from the visual system. Results show very accurate estimation of the load position (~5% Offset) using only the visual system and demonstrate that the need for an external motion tracking system is not needed for this task.

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ID Code: 92313
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: MPC controlled, UAV, suspended load, remote sensing, aerial robots, Visual Load Detection, slung load, parcel delivery, load transportation
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > AEROSPACE ENGINEERING (090100) > Aircraft Performance and Flight Control Systems (090104)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Control Systems Robotics and Automation (090602)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Research Centre for Aerospace Automation
Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 IEEE
Copyright Statement: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Deposited On: 27 Jan 2016 02:56
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2016 01:26

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