The moderating effects of job control and selection, optimization, and compensation strategies on the age-work ability relationship

Weigl, Matthias, Mueller, Andreas, Hornung, Severin, Zacher, Hannes, & Angerer, Peter (2013) The moderating effects of job control and selection, optimization, and compensation strategies on the age-work ability relationship. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(5), pp. 607-628.

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Work ability describes employees' capability to carry out their work with respect to physical and psychological job demands. This study investigated direct and interactive effects of age, job control, and the use of successful aging strategies called selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) in predicting work ability. We assessed SOC strategies and job control by using employee self-reports, and we measured employees' work ability using supervisor ratings. Data collected from 173 health-care employees showed that job control was positively associated with work ability. Additionally, we found a three-way interaction effect of age, job control, and use of SOC strategies on work ability. Specifically, the negative relationship between age and work ability was weakest for employees with high job control and high use of SOC strategies. These results suggest that the use of successful aging strategies and enhanced control at work are conducive to maintaining the work ability of aging employees. We discuss theoretical and practical implications regarding the beneficial role of the use of SOC strategies utilized by older employees and enhanced contextual resources at work for aging employees.

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26 citations in Scopus
29 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 92357
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Age, Job control, Selection, Optimization, Compensation, Work ability, Life-management strategies, Structural equation model, Family conflict, Resources model, Career success, Demands, Health, Well, Self, Performance
DOI: 10.1002/job.1810
ISSN: 0894-3796
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Deposited On: 07 Feb 2016 23:13
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2016 04:56

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