Focus on opportunities as a boundary condition of the relationship between job control and work engagement: A multi-sample, multi-method study

Schmitt, Antje, Zacher, Hannes, & de Lange, Annet H. (2013) Focus on opportunities as a boundary condition of the relationship between job control and work engagement: A multi-sample, multi-method study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22(5), pp. 505-519.

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Abstract

The concept of focus on opportunities describes how many new goals, options, and possibilities employees believe to have in their personal future at work. In this multi-sample, multi-method study, the authors investigated relationships between focus on opportunities and general and daily work engagement and the moderating role of focus on opportunities on between- and within-person relationships between job control and work engagement. Based on a social cognitive theory framework on the motivating potential of a future temporal focus, it was hypothesized that focus on opportunities is positively related to work engagement. Further, consistent with the notion of compensatory resources, it was expected that job control is not related to work engagement among employees with a high focus on opportunities, whereas job control, as an external resource of the work environment, is positively related to work engagement among employees with a low focus on opportunities. Both a cross-sectional survey study (N=174) and a daily diary study (N=64) supported the hypotheses. The study contributes to research on the job demands-resources model as it emphasizes the role of focus on opportunities as a motivational factor in the relationship between job control and work engagement.

Impact and interest:

6 citations in Scopus
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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 92358
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Work engagement, Focus on opportunities, Job control, Daily diary study, Future Time Perspective
DOI: 10.1080/1359432X.2012.698055
ISSN: 1464-0643
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Deposited On: 08 Feb 2016 00:04
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2016 05:10

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