The motivational benefits of specific versus general optimism

Schmitt, Antje, Gielnik, Michael M., Zacher, Hannes, & Klemann, D. Katharina (2013) The motivational benefits of specific versus general optimism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(5), pp. 425-434.

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This study addresses the question whether a specific, work-related form of optimistic thinking has motivational consequences in terms of work engagement above and beyond general optimism over time. A specific form of optimistic thinking is focus on opportunities. Focus on opportunities is a future-oriented belief that describes how many plans, goals, and possibilities people expect to have in their future at work. Based on a cross-lagged panel design with a two-year time lag and data from a sample of 124 German business owners, results of structural equation modeling showed that focus on opportunities positively predicted changes in work engagement over time, even when controlling for general optimism. This finding supports propositions of social cognition and self-regulation theories that emphasize the importance of a specific form of optimism that has motivating potential by referring to future work goals and opportunities

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8 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 92359
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Focus on opportunities, Optimism, Motivation, Work engagement, Cross-lagged panel, Business owners, Future time perspective, Positive psychology, Outcome expectancies, Venture performance, Job resources, Focus, Opportunities, Behavior, Thinking
DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2013.820338
ISSN: 1743-9760
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Business and Management not elsewhere classified (150399)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Deposited On: 07 Feb 2016 23:08
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2016 05:16

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