Focus on opportunities as a mediator of the relationships between age, job complexity, and work performance

Zacher, Hannes, Heusner, Sandra, Schmitz, Michael, Zwierzanska, Monika M., & Frese, Michael (2010) Focus on opportunities as a mediator of the relationships between age, job complexity, and work performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 76(3), pp. 374-386.

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Focus on opportunities is a cognitive-motivational facet of occupational future time perspective that describes how many new goals, options, and possibilities individuals expect to have in their personal work-related futures. This study examined focus on opportunities as a mediator of the relationships between age and work performance and between job complexity and work performance. In addition, it was expected that job complexity buffers the negative relationship between age and focus on opportunities and weakens the negative indirect effect of age on work performance. Results of mediation, moderation, and moderated mediation analyses with data collected from 168 employees in 41 organizations (mean age = 40.22 years, SD = 10.43, range = 19-64 years) as well as 168 peers providing work performance ratings supported the assumptions. The findings suggest that future studies on the role of age for work design and performance should take employees' focus on opportunities into account.

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53 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 92380
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Age, Focus on Opportunities, Job Complexity, Moderated Mediation, Work Performance
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2009.09.001
ISSN: 0883-9026
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Entrepreneurship (150304)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Deposited On: 08 Feb 2016 05:57
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2016 01:11

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