Selection, optimization, and compensation strategies: Interactive effects on daily work engagement

Zacher, Hannes, Chan, Felicia, Bakker, Arnold B., & Demerouti, Evangelia (2015) Selection, optimization, and compensation strategies: Interactive effects on daily work engagement. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 87, pp. 101-107.

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Abstract

The theory of selective optimization with compensation (SOC) proposes that the “orchestrated” use of three distinct action regulation strategies (selection, optimization, and compensation) leads to positive employee outcomes. Previous research examined overall scores and additive models (i.e., main effects) of SOC strategies instead of interaction models in which SOC strategies mutually enhance each other's effects. Thus, a central assumption of SOC theory remains untested. In addition, most research on SOC strategies has been cross-sectional, assuming that employees' use of SOC strategies is stable over time. We conducted a quantitative diary study across nine work days (N = 77; 514 daily entries) to investigate interactive effects of daily SOC strategies on daily work engagement. Results showed that optimization and compensation, but not selection, had positive main effects on work engagement. Moreover, a significant three-way interaction effect indicated that the relationship between selection and work engagement was positive only when both optimization and compensation were high, whereas the relationship was negative when optimization was low and compensation was high. We discuss implications for future research and practice regarding the use of SOC strategies at work.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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4 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 92443
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: 36 month embargo
Keywords: Selection, Optimization, Compensation, SOC, Work Engagement
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.12.008
ISSN: 0001-8791
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: © 2014 Elsevier Inc
Deposited On: 29 Jan 2016 00:37
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2016 22:27

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