Chronic disease risks and use of a smartphone application during a physical activity and dietary intervention in Australian truck drivers

Gilson, Nicholas D., Pavey, Toby G., Vandelanotte, Corneel, Duncan, Mitch J., Gomersall, Sjaan R., Trost, Stewart G., & Brown, Wendy J. (2016) Chronic disease risks and use of a smartphone application during a physical activity and dietary intervention in Australian truck drivers. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40(1), pp. 91-93.

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  • Objective

This study examined chronic disease risks and the use of a smartphone activity tracking application during an intervention in Australian truck drivers (April-October 2014).

  • Methods

Forty-four men (mean age=47.5 [SD 9.8] years) completed baseline health measures, and were subsequently offered access to a free wrist-worn activity tracker and smartphone application (Jawbone UP) to monitor step counts and dietary choices during a 20-week intervention. Chronic disease risks were evaluated against guidelines; weekly step count and dietary logs registered by drivers in the application were analysed to evaluate use of the Jawbone UP.

  • Results

Chronic disease risks were high (e.g. 97% high waist circumference [≥94 cm]). Eighteen drivers (41%) did not start the intervention; smartphone technical barriers were the main reason for drop out. Across 20-weeks, drivers who used the Jawbone UP logged step counts for an average of 6 [SD 1] days/week; mean step counts remained consistent across the intervention (weeks 1–4=8,743[SD 2,867] steps/day; weeks 17–20=8,994[SD 3,478] steps/day). The median number of dietary logs significantly decreased from start (17 [IQR 38] logs/weeks) to end of the intervention (0 [IQR 23] logs/week; p<0.01); the median proportion of healthy diet choices relative to total diet choices logged increased across the intervention (weeks 1–4=38[IQR 21]%; weeks 17–20=58[IQR 18]%).

  • Conclusions

Step counts were more successfully monitored than dietary choices in those drivers who used the Jawbone UP.

  • Implications

Smartphone technology facilitated active living and healthy dietary choices, but also prohibited intervention engagement in a number of these high-risk Australian truck drivers.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 92471
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: chronic diseases, smartphones, truck drivers
DOI: 10.1111/1753-6405.12501
ISSN: 1326-0200
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Public Health Association of Australia
Deposited On: 01 Feb 2016 03:08
Last Modified: 10 May 2016 22:12

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