Chronic disease risks and use of a smartphone application during a physical activity and dietary intervention in Australian truck drivers
Gilson, Nicholas D., Pavey, Toby G., Vandelanotte, Corneel, Duncan, Mitch J., Gomersall, Sjaan R., Trost, Stewart G., & Brown, Wendy J. (2016) Chronic disease risks and use of a smartphone application during a physical activity and dietary intervention in Australian truck drivers. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40(1), pp. 91-93.
This study examined chronic disease risks and the use of a smartphone activity tracking application during an intervention in Australian truck drivers (April-October 2014).
Forty-four men (mean age=47.5 [SD 9.8] years) completed baseline health measures, and were subsequently offered access to a free wrist-worn activity tracker and smartphone application (Jawbone UP) to monitor step counts and dietary choices during a 20-week intervention. Chronic disease risks were evaluated against guidelines; weekly step count and dietary logs registered by drivers in the application were analysed to evaluate use of the Jawbone UP.
Chronic disease risks were high (e.g. 97% high waist circumference [≥94 cm]). Eighteen drivers (41%) did not start the intervention; smartphone technical barriers were the main reason for drop out. Across 20-weeks, drivers who used the Jawbone UP logged step counts for an average of 6 [SD 1] days/week; mean step counts remained consistent across the intervention (weeks 1–4=8,743[SD 2,867] steps/day; weeks 17–20=8,994[SD 3,478] steps/day). The median number of dietary logs significantly decreased from start (17 [IQR 38] logs/weeks) to end of the intervention (0 [IQR 23] logs/week; p<0.01); the median proportion of healthy diet choices relative to total diet choices logged increased across the intervention (weeks 1–4=38[IQR 21]%; weeks 17–20=58[IQR 18]%).
Step counts were more successfully monitored than dietary choices in those drivers who used the Jawbone UP.
Smartphone technology facilitated active living and healthy dietary choices, but also prohibited intervention engagement in a number of these high-risk Australian truck drivers.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||chronic diseases, smartphones, truck drivers|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 Public Health Association of Australia|
|Deposited On:||01 Feb 2016 03:08|
|Last Modified:||10 May 2016 22:12|
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