Thermal decomposition of bauxite minerals: infrared emission spectroscopy of gibbsite, boehmite and diaspore

Kloprogge, J. Theo, Ruan, Huada D., & Frost, Ray L. (2002) Thermal decomposition of bauxite minerals: infrared emission spectroscopy of gibbsite, boehmite and diaspore. Journal of Materials Science, 37(6), pp. 1121-1129.

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Abstract

Infrared emission spectroscopy has been used to study the dehydroxylation behavior over the temperature range from 200 to 750 degrees Celsius of three major Al-minerals in bauxite: gibbsite (synthetic and natural), boehmite (synthetic and natural) and diaspore. A good agreement is found with the thermal analysis and differential thermal analysis curves of these minerals. Loss in intensity of especially the hydroxyl-stretching modes of gibbsite, boehmite and diaspore as function of temperature correspond well with the observed changes in the TGA/DTA patterns. The DTA pattern of gibbsite clearly indicates the formation of boehmite as an intermediate shown by a endotherm around 500 degrees Celsius. Dehydroxylation of gibbsite is followed by a loss of intensity of the 3620 and 3351 cm-1 OH-stretching bands and the corresponding deformation band around 1024 cm-1. Dehydroxylation starts around 220 degrees Celsius and is complete around 350 degrees Celsius. Similar observations were made for boehmite and diaspore. For boehmite dehydroxylation was observed to commence around 250 degrees Celsius and could be followed by especially the loss in intensity of the bands around 3319 and 3129 cm-1. The DTA pattern of diaspore is more complex with overlapping endotherms around 622 and 650 degrees Celsius. The dehydroxylation can be followed by the decrease in intensity of the OH-stretching bands around 3667, 3215 and 2972 cm-1. Above 550 degrees Celsius only a single band is observed that disappears after heating above 600 degrees Celsius corresponding to the two endotherms around 622 and 650 degrees Celsius in the DTA

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ID Code: 925
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Bauxite, Boehmite, Dehydroxylation, Diaspore, Gibbsite, Infrared Emission
DOI: 10.1023/A:1014303119055
ISSN: 1573-4803
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink.
Deposited On: 24 Mar 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 12:23

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