Micro-breaks matter: A diary study on the effects of energy management strategies on occupational well-being

Zacher, Hannes, Brailsford, Holly A., & Parker, Stacey L. (2014) Micro-breaks matter: A diary study on the effects of energy management strategies on occupational well-being. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(3), pp. 287-297.

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Abstract

Organizational researchers and practitioners are increasingly interested in self-regulatory strategies employees can use at work to sustain or improve their occupational well-being. A recent cross-sectional study on energy management strategies suggested that many work-related strategies (e.g., setting a new goal) are positively related to occupational well-being, whereas many micro-breaks (e.g., listening to music) are negatively related to occupational well-being. We used a diary study design to take a closer look at the effects of these energy management strategies on fatigue and vitality. Based on conservation of resources theory, we hypothesized that both types of energy management strategies negatively predict fatigue and positively predict vitality. Employees (N = 124) responded to a baseline survey and to hourly surveys across one work day (6.7 times on average). Consistent with previous research, between-person differences in the use of work-related strategies were positively associated with between-person differences in vitality. However, results of multilevel analyses of the hourly diary data showed that only micro-breaks negatively predicted fatigue and positively predicted vitality. These findings suggest that taking micro-breaks during the work day may have short-term effects on occupational well-being, whereas using work-related strategies may have long-term effects.

Impact and interest:

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6 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 92505
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: 36 month embargo
Keywords: Energy Management, Micro-breaks, Fatigue, Vitality, Diary Study
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.08.005
ISSN: 0001-8791
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: © 2014 Elsevier Inc
Deposited On: 01 Feb 2016 04:13
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2016 05:32

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