QUT ePrints

Enhanced performance of caustic soda used for the removal of scale in sugar mill evaporators

Doherty, William O.S., Simpson, R. F., & Rackemann, Darryn W. (2007) Enhanced performance of caustic soda used for the removal of scale in sugar mill evaporators. In Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists.

[img] PDF (178kB)
Administrators only

Abstract

Caustic soda is the most widely used chemical for cleaning sugar mill evaporators in Australia. It is partially effective in removing silica, silicates, proteins, polysaccharides and organic matter, but is ineffective when the major components of scale consist of calcium phosphate, calcium oxalate, calcium magnesium aconitate, calcium sulphate, calcium carbonate and potassium calcium sulphate. In such situations, sulphamic acid is typically used. Some mills have found these normal procedures unsatisfactory and have used alternative but expensive cleaning methods, which have proved effective. However, these mills still use caustic soda and sulphamic acid in combination with the alternative methods to clean evaporators resulting in a time consuming and laborious process. This paper describes the effect of caustic soda solution in the presence of additives to solubilise different scale types. The paper also describes attempts to identify foam components in scale and provides results on the efficacy of defoamers.

Impact and interest:

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 9306
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Self-archiving of the author-version is not yet supported by this publisher. For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: d.rackemann@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > OTHER CHEMICAL SCIENCES (039900) > Industrial Chemistry (039903)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Physical Chemistry not elsewhere classified (030699)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Colloid and Surface Chemistry (030603)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 ASSCT
Deposited On: 04 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:32

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page