Systematic identification, characterization and target gene analysis of microRNAs involved in osteoarthritis subchondral bone pathogenesis

Prasadam, Indira, Batra, Jyotsna, Perry, Samuel, Gu, Wenyi, Crawford, Ross, & Xiao, Yin (2016) Systematic identification, characterization and target gene analysis of microRNAs involved in osteoarthritis subchondral bone pathogenesis. Calcified Tissue International, 99(1), pp. 43-55.

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify the microRNAs associated with sclerotic status of subchondral bone in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Total RNA was extracted from non-sclerotic and sclerotic OA subchondral bone from patients undergoing knee replacement surgeries. miRCURYTM LNA miRNA chip and qRT-PCR were used to profile and validate differential microRNA expression. In addition, we further confirmed profiles of altered miRNAs in an OA rat meniscectomy animal model and their putative targets of the miRNAs were predicted using ingenuity (IPA) software. Finally, five short-listed miRNAs were reactivated by transient in vitro overexpression (miRNA mimics) in subchondral bone osteoblasts and their phenotypes were assessed. Functional screening identified 30 differentiated miRNAs in sclerotic subchondral bone compared to non-sclerotic bone of OA patients. Data integration resulted in confirmation of the eight miRNAs, with aberrant expression in independent human OA bone sample set. In silico analysis (IPA) identified 732 mRNA transcripts as putative targets of the eight altered miRNAs, of which twenty genes were validated to be differentially expressed in sclerotic compared to non-sclerotic bone samples. Out of eight dysregulated miRNA’s, five of them showed consistent time-dependent downregulation in a rat OA model. Furthermore, synthetic miR-199a-3p, miR- 199a-5p, miR-590-5p, and miR-211-5p mimics rescued the abnormal osteoarthritic subchondral bone osteoblast gene expression and mineralization. We have identified four novel miRNAs that play important roles in subchondral bone pathogenesis in OA. Additional studies are required to develop these miRNAs into therapeutic modalities for OA.

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ID Code: 93149
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: microRNA, Subchondral bone, Profiling, Osteoarthritis, mRNA targets
DOI: 10.1007/s00223-016-0125-7
ISSN: 1432-0827
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Deposited On: 02 Jun 2016 23:12
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2016 22:43

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