Activities of daily living in children with developmental coordination disorder: Performance, learning, and participation

van Der Linde, Berdien W., van Netten, Jaap J., Otten, Bert E., Postema, Klaas, Geuze, Reint H., & Schoemaker, Marina M. (2015) Activities of daily living in children with developmental coordination disorder: Performance, learning, and participation. Physical Therapy, 95(11), pp. 1496-1506.

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Abstract

Background

Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) face evident motor difficulties in daily functioning. Little is known, however, about their difficulties in specific activities of daily living (ADL).

Objective

The purposes of this study were: (1) to investigate differences between children with DCD and their peers with typical development for ADL performance, learning, and participation, and (2) to explore the predictive values of these aspects. Design. This was a cross-sectional study.

Methods

In both a clinical sample of children diagnosed with DCD (n=25 [21 male, 4 female], age range=5-8 years) and a group of peers with typical development (25 matched controls), the children’s parents completed the DCDDaily-Q. Differences in scores between the groups were investigated using t tests for performance and participation and Pearson chi-square analysis for learning. Multiple regression analyses were performed to explore the predictive values of performance, learning, and participation.

Results

Compared with their peers, children with DCD showed poor performance of ADL and less frequent participation in some ADL. Children with DCD demonstrated heterogeneous patterns of performance (poor in 10%-80% of the items) and learning (delayed in 0%-100% of the items). In the DCD group, delays in learning of ADL were a predictor for poor performance of ADL, and poor performance of ADL was a predictor for less frequent participation in ADL compared with the control group.

Limitations

A limited number of children with DCD were addressed in this study.

Conclusions

This study highlights the impact of DCD on children’s daily lives and the need for tailored intervention.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
1 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 93260
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.2522/ptj.20140211
ISSN: 0031-9023
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 02 Mar 2016 04:16
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2016 22:57

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