Organizational affordances: A structuration theory approach to affordances

Vyas, Dhaval, Chisalita, Cristina M., & Dix, Alan (2016) Organizational affordances: A structuration theory approach to affordances. Interacting with Computers. (In Press)

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Affordance is an important concept in the field of human–computer interaction. There are various interpretations of affordances, often extending the original notion of James J. Gibson. Often the treatment of affordances in the current human–computer interaction literature has been a one-to-one relationship between a user and an artefact. We believe that the social and cultural contexts within which an artefact is situated affect the way in which the artefact is used and the notion of affordance needs to be seen as a dynamic, always emerging relationship between people and their environment. Using a Structuration Theory approach, we conceptualize the notion of affordance at a much broader level, encompassing social and cultural aspects. We suggest that affordances should be seen at three levels: single user, organizational (or work group) and societal. Focusing on the organizational level affordances, we provide details of several important factors that affect the emergence of affordances.

  • This article provides a new perspective on the discourse of affordance with the use of Structuration Theory.

  • It shows how affordance can be understood as ‘use’ in situated practices (i.e. ‘technology-in-practice’)

  • The Structuration Theory approach to affordances is showcased using two case studies.

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ID Code: 93557
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: First published online: May 4, 2016
Keywords: Affordance, HCI, structuration theory, design, artefact
DOI: 10.1093/iwc/iww008
ISSN: 1873-7951
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 The Author
Deposited On: 08 Mar 2016 03:50
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2016 14:43

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