Measuring the multidimensions of symptoms in people with advanced stages of chronic kidney disease

Almutary, Hayfa, Bonner, Ann, & Douglas, Clint (2015) Measuring the multidimensions of symptoms in people with advanced stages of chronic kidney disease. In 3rd International Conference on Epidemiology & Public Health, 4-6 August 2015, Valencia, Spain.

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Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing globally and in Saudi Arabia it affects approximately 8% annual increment of dialysis population. It is associated with a high symptom burden. Previous studies have largely reported on the prevalence of symptoms only in the haemodialysis population. This study examined symptom burden across disease stages and treatment groups in advanced CKD, and their correlation with demographic and clinical factors. Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample of 436 patients with CKD was recruited from three hospitals in Saudi Arabia. The CKD Symptom Burden Index (CKD-SBI) was used to measure 32 CKD symptoms. Demographic and clinical data were also collected. Of the sample 75.5% were receiving dialysis (haemodialysis, n = 287; peritoneal dialysis, n = 42) and 24.5% were non-dialysis (CKD stage 4, n = 69; CKD stage 5, n = 38). Average symptom reported was 13.01 ± 7.67. Fatigue and pain were common and burdensome across all symptom dimensions.Approximately one-third of participants experienced sexual symptoms. Dialysis patients reported greater symptom burden, especially patients on haemodialysis. Haemodialysis treatment, older age and being female were independently associated with greater total symptom burden. In conclusion, symptom burden is high among advanced stages of CKD, particularly among those receiving dialysis. Although fatigue, pain and sexual dysfunction are key contributors to symptom burden in CKD, these symptoms are often under-recognised and warrant routine assessment. The CKD-SBI offers a valuable tool to assess symptom burden, leading to the commencement of timely and appropriate interventions.

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ID Code: 93807
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, symptom burden, dialysis, non-dialysis, end stage
DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.S1.012
ISSN: 2161-1165
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 17 Mar 2016 01:31
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2016 01:31

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