Experimental studies of lipped channel beams subject to web crippling under two-flange load cases

Sundararajah, Lavan, Mahendran, Mahen, & Keerthan, Poologanathan (2016) Experimental studies of lipped channel beams subject to web crippling under two-flange load cases. Journal of Structural Engineering. (In Press)

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Lipped channel beams (LCBs) are commonly used as flexural members such as floor joists and bearers in the construction 6 industry. These thin-walled LCBs are subjected to specific buckling and failure modes, one of them being web crippling. Despite considerable 7 research in this area, some recent studies have shown that the current web crippling design rules are unable to predict the test capacities under 8 end-two-flange (ETF) and interior-two-flange (ITF) load conditions. In many instances, web crippling predictions by the available design 9 standards such as AISI S100, AS/NZS 4600 and Eurocode 3 Part 1-3 are inconsistent, i.e., unconservative in some cases, although they 10 are conservative in other cases. Hence, experimental studies consisting of 36 tests were conducted in this research to assess the web crippling 11 behavior and capacities of high-strength LCBs under two-flange load cases (ETF and ITF). Experimental results were then compared with the 12 predictions from current design rules. Comparison of the ultimate web crippling capacities from tests showed that the design equations are 13 very unconservative for LCB sections under the ETF load case and are conservative for the ITF load case. Hence, improved equations were 14 proposed to determine the web crippling capacities of LCBs based on the experimental results from this study. Current design equations do 15 not provide the direct strength method (DSM) provisions for web crippling. Hence, suitable design rules were also developed under the DSM 16 format using the test results and buckling analyses using finite-element analyses.

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ID Code: 93988
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Cold-formed steel beams, Lipped channel beams, Web crippling, ETF and ITF load cases, Buckling analysis, Direct strength method and experiments, Metal and composite structures
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001523
ISSN: 0733-9445
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 American Society of Civil Engineers
Deposited On: 04 Apr 2016 00:48
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2016 21:58

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