Effects of transit quality of service characteristics on daily bus ridership

Kashfi, Syeed Anta, Bunker, Jonathan M., & Yigitcanlar, Tan (2015) Effects of transit quality of service characteristics on daily bus ridership. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2535, pp. 55-64.

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Abstract

A case study of Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland, Australia, explored how explicit measures of transit quality of service (e.g., service frequency, service span, and travel time ratio) and implicit environmental predictors (e.g., topographic grade factor) influenced bus ridership. The primary hypothesis tested was that bus ridership was higher in suburbs with high transit quality of service than in suburbs with limited service quality. Multiple linear regression, used to identify a strong positive relationship between route intensity (bus-km/h-km2) and bus ridership, indicated that both increased service frequency and spatial route density corresponded to higher bus ridership. Additionally, the travel time ratio (i.e., the ratio of in-vehicle transit travel time to in-vehicle automobile travel time) had a significant negative association with suburban ridership: transit use declined as travel time ratio increased. In contrast, topographic grade and service span did not significantly affect suburban bus ridership. The study findings enhance the fundamental understanding of traveler behavior, which is informative to urban transportation policy, planning, and provision.

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ID Code: 94009
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: bus ridership, sub tropical city, Frequency, Route Density, Travel Time, Transit, Quality of Service, Grade, Bus, Brisbane, Australia, ridership rate
DOI: 10.3141/2535-06
ISSN: 0361-1981
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Transport Planning (120506)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 National Academy of Sciences
Deposited On: 29 Mar 2016 23:24
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2016 07:34

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