Systematic review of interventions to improve the provision of information for adults with primary brain tumours and their caregivers

Langbecker, Danette H. & Janda, Monika (2016) Systematic review of interventions to improve the provision of information for adults with primary brain tumours and their caregivers. In Ownsworth, Tamara, Chambers, Suzanne, & Dhillon, Haryana (Eds.) Psychosocial Advances in Neuro-Oncology. Frontiers Media, Lausanne, pp. 111-121.

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Abstract

Background:

Adults with primary brain tumors and their caregivers have significant information needs. This review assessed the effect of interventions to improve information provision for adult primary brain tumor patients and/or their caregivers.

Methods:

We included randomized or nonrandomized trials testing educational interventions that had outcomes of information provision, knowledge, understanding, recall, or satisfaction with the intervention, for adults diagnosed with primary brain tumors and/or their family or caregivers. PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Reviews databases were searched for studies published between 1980 and June 2014.

Results:

Two randomized controlled, one non-randomized controlled, and 10 single group pre-post trials enrolled more than 411 participants. Five group, four practice/process change and four individual interventions assessed satisfaction (12 studies), knowledge (four studies) or information provision (2 studies). Nine studies reported high rates of satisfaction. Three studies showed statistically significant improvements over time in knowledge and two showed greater information was provided to intervention than control group participants, although statistical testing was not performed.

Discussion:

The trials assessed intermediate outcomes such as satisfaction, and only 4/13 reported on knowledge improvements. Few trials had a randomized controlled design and risk of bias was either evident or could not be assessed in most domains.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 94294
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: This book chapter also published in Frontiers in Oncology, 5(1).
Additional URLs:
Keywords: neuro-oncology, brain tumor, information, doctor-patient communication, caregivers
DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-782-8
ISBN: 9782889197828
ISSN: 1664-8714
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Funding:
Deposited On: 30 Mar 2016 00:04
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 04:18

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