Biomaterial templates for the culture and transplantation of retinal pigment epithelial cells: A critical review
Shadforth, Audra, Chirila, Traian, Harkin, Damien G., Kwan, Anthony S.L., & Chen, Fred K. (2016) Biomaterial templates for the culture and transplantation of retinal pigment epithelial cells: A critical review. In Chirila, Traian & Harkin, Damien G. (Eds.) Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology [2nd. Ed.]. Woodhead Publishing, Sawston, Cambridge.
The idea of retinal cell transplantation as a potential treatment for age-related retinal degeneration, a leading cause of blindness in the Western world, has been around for a number of decades. To date, however, it has not been entirely successful; one of the main reasons for this is the lack of an ideal substratum for the retinal cells, specifically for the growth of retinal pigment epithelial cells prior to transplantation. This chapter reviews the reasoning behind this potential treatment, the development of animal transplantation models for human trials, the prerequisites of an ideal substratum, the past and current research on substratum materials, and the potential for future developments in this area.
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